Nigerian News from Leadership News http://leadership.ng Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:36:41 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.5.3 Insurgency: Food Crisis Looms In Bornohttp://leadership.ng/news/543619/insurgency-food-crisis-looms-in-borno http://leadership.ng/news/543619/insurgency-food-crisis-looms-in-borno#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:36:41 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543619 kashim_shettima_701649956_0The Borno State government has renewed calls on the international community and humanitarian organisations to help avert the looming food crisis in the state, following the devastation caused by Boko Haram terrorists. The state government was reacting to the report by a non-governmental organisation (NGO), Doctors without Borders, yesterday, which raised the alarm over the...]]> kashim_shettima_701649956_0

The Borno State government has renewed calls on the international community and humanitarian organisations to help avert the looming food crisis in the state, following the devastation caused by Boko Haram terrorists.

The state government was reacting to the report by a non-governmental organisation (NGO), Doctors without Borders, yesterday, which raised the alarm over the impeding food crisis in the state.

The report had expressed concerns over the low level of agricultural production, rising cost of food commodities and an increasing level of hunger as witnessed, particularly in the North East, where the Medecines Sans Frontiers (MSF)have released a Report indicating a risk of famine without urgent intervention

“The situation is a large-scale humanitarian disaster…. There is a vital need to have a food pipeline in place to save the population that can be saved. We are talking at least about pockets of what is close to a famine,” it said.

The MSF further noted that “severely malnourished children are dying in large numbers in northeast Nigeria, the former stronghold of Boko Haram militants where food supplies are close to running out.”

The Borno State commissioner for information, Dr Muhammad Bulama, while reacting to the report, said, “It is true that we are facing food crisis due to the devastation suffered because of years of attacks by the Boko Haram terrorists. This is in spite of the numerous efforts by the state government to address the situation.”

Bulama further confirmed that farming activities had not taken place in Borno for the past three years, as towns, villages and communities had been destroyed by the Boko Haram terrorists.

“But it does not mean that the state is not doing anything, we are doing our best, you know that at the end of every month, government usually utilises its allocation of federal revenue on taking care of IDPs after paying workers’ salaries,” he stated.

While describing the situation in the state as grave, the commissioner said, “I want the world to understand that Nigeria has the third largest number of IDPs in the world after Iraq and Syria.

“But it is interesting to note that about 80 per cent of the IDPs in Nigeria are in Borno; that shows the scale of crisis in the state.

“The IDPs are not just staying in the camps. Presently, about 1.5 million IDPs are living with the host community in Maiduguri, the state government to a reasonable extent is also taking care of them as well.”

“Our resources are overstretched by this reality, we need help, we need assistance, we are calling on men of goodwill and countries, the international community to scale up the assistance,” Bulama emphasised.

Speaking with LEADERSHIP Friday, the sole administrator of the Borno Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mine and Agriculture (BOCCIMA), Alhaji Ahmed Ashemi, said the Boko Haram insurgency had virtually crippled all agricultural and commercial activities in the state.

According to him, the state had lost its position as the second largest commercial city in the North since 2009.

He decried that the huge agricultural project worth billions of naira embarked on by the Lake Chad Basin Development Authority to boost farming in the state was abandoned and later destroyed by Boko Haram terrorists.

“There are great potentials from agriculture in Borno, we have the land, we have the human resources to contribute to Nigeria. Borno can feed the whole world.

“For example, go to any trade fair in the country, you will see some natural resources that are from Borno on display. The state can supply a great percentage of wheat to Nigeria from Marte, Yero. Abadam area also has great potential in the production of rice while in Biu, Hawul, Kwaya Kusar and some parts of Gwoza, you will find sorghum.

“Baga can also produce and supply fish that can feed the world. But unfortunately, apart from Biu, none of these places is accessible because of the activities of Boko Haram terrorists, which has created fear in the minds of people over impending food crisis in Borno,” Ashemi stated.

The BOCCIMA administrator, however, noted that the administration of Governor Kashim Shettima has been making concerted efforts to ensure that food is available for the masses through massive agricultural investments in the past one year.

Also speaking on the effect of insecurity on farming activities in Borno and environs as well as food production, the Borno State chairman of All Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN), Alhaji Musa Ali, reiterated that Boko Haram insurgency had virtually crippled farming activities in the state in the past five years.

He said that even this year, farming activities may not take place due to the current military operation across the state, pointing out that apart from the fact that most of the towns were not accessible and habitable, it was also very risky to venture out to the farms.

“Farming is almost impossible because most of the small-scale farmers who have fled their farming communities and are currently taking refuge as IDPs here in Maiduguri, the Borno capital, while many of them were killed by Boko Haram in separate attacks.

“Even if government wants to help them, it will be difficult because of the vulnerability of the area, though many farmers had benefitted from various loan schemes to enable them find alternative ways of surviving on their own.

“We are very optimistic that soon, all the villages and local government areas will be liberated and all our farmers will go back home and continue farming,” Ali added.

Speaking in the same vein, the Borno state Commissioner of Agriculture, Alhaji Muhammad Dilli, said the state government had invested over N15billion in agriculture as part of efforts to revolutionise the sector.

He said that Governor Shettima had laid a foundation for smooth take off of all relevant state agricultural products and that the state government had imported about 500 rice mills from Thailand as part of its efforts to boost rice production in the state.

According to the commissioner, the mills would be distributed to farmers’ cooperative associations to improve the quality of local rice production in the state as soon as the insurgency is over.

Dilli further explained that the state government had also purchased about 1,000 tractors that would be distributed to peasant farmers across the 27 local government areas of the state.

“Plans are underway to provide appropriate infrastructure to enhance fish production in the state. The state government has embarked on construction of about 40 artificial dams in 50 communities across the 27 local government areas to boost fishing activities.

“We are geared towards promoting sustainable food production and providing technical and social support to the farming communities in order to improve their living standards. Some of the communities to benefit include Bama, Baga, Damboa, Kwaya Kusar, Minor, Minoc, Benishaik, Jakana, Magumeri, Auno and Kala Balge, among others.

“Our farmers in Magumeri and Damboa are also good producers of groundnuts. We already have about 550 hectares of farmland on which to grow crops in view of the relative peace in the state now,” the Commissioner explained.

Also speaking on the issue of food crisis in Borno state, the chairman of the Borno Chapter of the Nigeria Union of Fishermen and Sea Food Dealers (NUFAS), Alhaji Muhammad Gamandi, said fish farming had also become impossible because of the Boko Haram insurgency. He said local fish farmers before the crisis, were producing about 1.5 million metric tons of fish per annum, but lack of access roads to Lake Chad,  Alau Dam and Marama Dam in Biu, the major challenges before the fish farmers, had compelled them to depend on local fish ponds and hatchery in their homes, thus reducing yield.

He added that the union had successfully registered over 1 million members which include fish dealers, fishermen, fish farmers, sellers and processors across the 27 local government areas of the state.

The NUFAS chairman further said that the union, under the programme, had received fish farming implement, among them   200 units of charcoal oven for fish smoking, fish drying trays and isothermal containers for storage of fresh fish among others.

Gamandi also explained that the federal government, through the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, had donated about 1000 fishing nets and boats to boost the fishing business of the union.

“The Ministry also, through the department of fishery, had promised to provide our members with 500 fingerlings, ice box for fresh fish storage and fish feeds to our members,” he added. LEADERSHIP Friday’s checks in Adamawa State also showed that the state government had ordered for 109 tractors from China out of which 50 were delivered.

The tractors, according to the state commissioner of agriculture, Ahmadu Waziri, were for the 21 local government areas of the state.

He explained that the gesture of the state government was meant to strengthen agricultural production in order to augment the shortfall the state recorded in the wake of the Boko Haram insurgency that discouraged farmers from farming.

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Economic Recession: Experts Proffer Solutionshttp://leadership.ng/news/543618/economic-recession-experts-proffer-solutions http://leadership.ng/news/543618/economic-recession-experts-proffer-solutions#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:33:44 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543618 kemi-AdeosunIn a bid to ensure the resurgence of the Nigerian economy following the declaration by the Minister of Finance, Kemi Adeosun that the economy has gone into recession, financial experts have called on the Federal Government to evolve various strategies including injecting more funds into the economy, diversification, allowing free flow of Naira and stabilising...]]> kemi-Adeosun

In a bid to ensure the resurgence of the Nigerian economy following the declaration by the Minister of Finance, Kemi Adeosun that the economy has gone into recession, financial experts have called on the Federal Government to evolve various strategies including injecting more funds into the economy, diversification, allowing free flow of Naira and stabilising the oil sector as some of the measures that would rescue the economy.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) as well as the CBN have all indicated that Nigeria’s economy may not in the near future regain stability with the former indicating that economic growth in the second quarter will shrink again while the latter suggested that economic rebound in the second quarter was unlikely.

In their various submissions, the financial experts said economic recession is not a death sentence noting that as a matter of fact, recession is cyclical as it comes around every now and then adding that what matters, is the way it is perceived and dealt with.

A financial expert based in Lagos, Churchill Ogen, told Friday LEADERSHIP that one way out of an economic recession is spending, noting that “Nations spend their way out of recession”.

He explained that, unless more capital is injected into the system productively, the economy will remain gloomy and the masses will continue to suffer.

He noted that spending on viable projects like road construction that will bring about some level of employment and the concomitant reduction in transportation fares that will facilitate easy flow of trade from one point to another, is one sure way of going round the recession.

The president of Nigerian-British Chamber of Commerce (NBCC) Dapo Adelegan, in his submission noted that to find a sustainable solution to Nigeria’s economic downturn, Nigerians must focus on creativity to avert future challenges noting that the current situation presents opportunities, which must be unlocked.

He said, “We need to recognise that every time there is a downturn, what follows is always boom”.

According to him, since Internet remained the most remarkable change in the 21st century leading to loss of jobs, people must create values that are customer oriented to “leapfrog” adding that there was need for courage, aspiration and ignition of natural talents to drive growth pedigree.

Adelegan stressed the need for multiple competences, particularly among youths as a measure to curb increasing global joblessness adding that such intention has made his chamber to step up activities and events in 2015 and was able to enjoy an impressive cooperation of its members.

Similarly, a research analyst with FXTM, Lukman Otunuga, believes that diversification is the way out. “Nigeria must look towards agriculture, tourism and manufacturing to get out of these shackles.”

“You know where this country used to be. It can still get there. However, in the meantime, CBN should allow the naira to flow freely so it can finally find equilibrium. I am not talking of devaluation, because that is a very delicate one.”

“This administration could have done that when it just came in. Right now, President Muhammadu Buhari might not want to do it because the common man will suffer more, Nigeria being import-dependent.”

“Then again, expectations of executing the 2016 budget is dropping because renewed militancy in the south has reduced oil production from about 2.2 million to about 1.5 million barrels per day. Our credit ratings have been slashed as well, so we cannot even get funding—not even if we want to diversify. It is a very tough position. Nigerians should brace up”, he said.

A lecturer with the Department of Agriculture, University of Abuja, Prof. Park Idisi said Nigeria requires stability in the oil sector to overcome current economic challenges.

Idisi said, though the drift in the nation’s economy did not start with the current administration, instability in the sector has driven the economy towards recession.

He therefore advised the Federal Government to commence peace talks with key stakeholders in the Niger Delta, including labour unions in the oil sector to reduce current instability in the industry.

He also said government must support indigenous production, improve power supply, and encourage the financial service sectors to make loans available for investors at low interest rate.

According to him, the measures would attract investors, promote local production and stimulate the economy to boom again.

Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Christine Lagarde had earlier called for increase in Value Added Tax (VAT), saying that it is now imperative that the federal government broadens the country’s tax base against the backdrop that Nigeria has the lowest VAT rate in the African continent. According to her, “the current VAT rate is among the lowest in the world and well below the rates in other ECOWAS members—so some increase should be considered.”

The IMF boss also called on the federal government to reduce cost of governance to allow it spend on infrastructure, housing, education, health, among others.

She said: “On recurrent expenditure, efforts should be made to streamline the cost of government and improve efficiency of public service delivery across the federal and sub-national governments. Transfers and tax expenditures should also be addressed”.

Speaking on the need to strengthen institutions of government empowered to tackle corruption-related issues, Ms Lagarde revealed that over one trillion dollars was given and received as bribes globally every year.

She further revealed that corruption makes up five per cent of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The IMF boss who urged the National Assembly to come up with laws that will address corruption and block leakages in the system, said: “Corruption is touted to be five per cent of the global GDP and over one trillion dollars is said to be given as bribes globally every year. Today, Nigeria is looking ahead. The future is greater than the past in Nigeria. But the sooner the government delivers, the better it will be for Nigeria and Nigerians.”

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NSE Listing: MTN Picks Transaction Advisors, Eyes 2017 Datehttp://leadership.ng/news/543714/nse-listing-mtn-picks-transaction-advisors-eyes-2017-date http://leadership.ng/news/543714/nse-listing-mtn-picks-transaction-advisors-eyes-2017-date#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:30:24 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543714 mtn nigeria logoMTN Nigeria yesterday announced that it has appointed Stanbic IBTC Capital and Citigroup as transaction advisors on its planned public listing on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) tentatively 2017, which is a condition for the settlement of the N1.04 trillion simcard penalty. This follows the agreement between MTN Nigeria and the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC)...]]> mtn nigeria logo

MTN Nigeria yesterday announced that it has appointed Stanbic IBTC Capital and Citigroup as transaction advisors on its planned public listing on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) tentatively 2017, which is a condition for the settlement of the N1.04 trillion simcard penalty.

This follows the agreement between MTN Nigeria and the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) that MTN would pay N330 billion over the next three years to resolve the fine for defaulting on deactivating 5.1 million unregistered simcards lines in October 22,2015.

MTN Nigeria had on June 10, 2016, as part of a settlement arrangement with the NCC said it would undertake to take immediate steps to ensure the listing of its shares on the NSE as soon as commercially and legally possible.

A statement from the mobile network said, “MTN Nigeria is pleased to announce that its board of directors has resolved to proceed with preparations for a listing of MTN Nigeria on the NSE as soon as commercially and legally possible and has established a management task team with the responsibility to guide the company towards a listing.”

It said it was targeting that the listing takes place during 2017, subject to suitable market conditions. MTN Nigeria said it has appointed Stanbic IBTC Capital Limited together with its affiliates, The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited and Standard Advisory London Limited, collectively “Stanbic” and Citigroup Global Markets Limited as its joint transaction advisors and joint global coordinators with Stanbic acting as lead issuing house.

“A full syndicate including Nigerian receiving agents, Nigerian receiving banks and other advisers would be appointed in due course as appropriate. The proposed listing would be subject to suitable market circumstances and conditions and the appropriate approvals from relevant regulators and other stakeholders,” it said.

It however added that the statement did not constitute an announcement of an intention to float MTN Nigeria.

“MTN Nigeria will make further announcements at appropriate intervals on progress in this regard,” it stated.

The mobile operator had after several months of negotiation with NCC saw the N1.04 trillion reduced to N330 billion.

MTN had made a “goodwill” payment of N50 billion earlier  on February 24, 2016 to the government. MTN was to pay the first N30 billion latest by July 8, 2016. The balance of N250 billion outstanding will be discharged as follows: N30 billion on 31 March 2017; N55 billion on 31 March 2018; N55 billion on 31 December 2018; N55 billion on  March 31, 2019 and N55 billion on  May 3, 12019

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Zuma Rock: Demystifying Myths Surrounding Iconic Landmarkhttp://leadership.ng/news/543715/zuma-rock-demystifying-myths-surrounding-iconic-landmark http://leadership.ng/news/543715/zuma-rock-demystifying-myths-surrounding-iconic-landmark#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:27:44 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543715 ZUMA-ROCKFor years, superstitious beliefs about the psychic powers of the iconic Zuma Rock situated in Niger State, has inundated the Nigerian landscape, making many to dread the rock with passion. The superstitious disposition of many about the rock has continued unabated even after some intrepid rock climbers went to the zenith of the rock and...]]> ZUMA-ROCK

For years, superstitious beliefs about the psychic powers of the iconic Zuma Rock situated in Niger State, has inundated the Nigerian landscape, making many to dread the rock with passion. The superstitious disposition of many about the rock has continued unabated even after some intrepid rock climbers went to the zenith of the rock and came back without any affliction. In this piece, TIMOTHY OPALUWA  demystifies the age-long superstitious belief following his interaction with locals residing within the domain of the rock.

Standing tall and majestic, bestowing on the landscape the gift of its presence is Zuma Rock. Majestic in its appearance, the other mountains in and around Abuja and Niger State stay a respectable distance from it; actually paying it a kind of obeisance for its royal presence in the area.

Everyone passing through the western bypass on the Abuja/Kaduna highway would notice this huge geographic feature, towering above its surroundings and dominating every other item within its reach.

Dubbed as the “gateway to Abuja”, due to its proximity to Nigeria’s capital city, the dark rock represents everything mysterious to an average visitor or resident of the community.

Travelers on the route from Abuja to Kaduna and other states in the North-West are usually confounded by its scary looks. Some say the rock is evil personified while others claim it possesses some magical powers.

A close look that reveals a sort of human face, looking whitish on the outside, only adds to the myth of the rock. To most people, especially indigenes, it tells of the mysterious and ancestral powers surrounding the rock.

This belief seems re-enforced by the story that the strange powers attached to Zuma Rock are responsible for the abandoned proposed five-star hotel that has become a shadow of itself, and is now lying fallow, desolate and overtaken by bushes.

As one of the features on the back of the N100 note, it was once thought to be in the Federal Capital Territory but is actually located at Chachi community in Tafa local government area of Niger State.

This monumental rock, rising extravagantly to a height of about 725 metres (2,379 ft) above sea level, is twice as high as the world famous Uluru Rock in Australia and more than four times as high as NECOM House, Nigeria’s tallest building.

History Of Zuma Rock

According to a resident of Angwan Koro, Abdullahi Suleiman, who spoke to LEADERSHIP Friday, Zuma Rock has been in existence before the Koros, the early settlers and any surrounding community, including Zuba.

“A long time ago, our forefathers came from the Kwararafa Empire, travelled to the western direction through Lafia and Keffi into old Abuja area (but those towns were not in existence then).

But before they reached the Zuma Rock, their soothsayers told them that they were not to settle down permanently until they reached one wonderful rock, far ahead of them. They continued to move until they sighted the Zuma rock in the middle of a thick forest. When they entered into the forest, they settled around it.

Our forefathers gave the rock the name as early as the time they settled near the rock. There was no history of settlement of any other people around or by the Zuma Rock. We were the first people to come into the forest and settle near the Zuma-Rock,” Suleiman explained.

Adding, the Angwan Koro resident said, “In the forest, they found out that there were many Guinea-Fowls around the Zuma Rock, and started to hunt them and named the rock, “Zumwa”, which means, “The place of catching Guinea-Fowls”. Initially, in the Koro language, it was called “Ezumwa ba”, meaning “Place of catching Guinea-Fowls”. That is how the rock got its name originally as “Zumwa”.

“When the Hausa people started coming around, they could not pronounce “Zumwa” so they just called the rock “Zuma”. When the Europeans came, they also could not call it rightly as “Zumwa”, they now used the Hausa pronunciation, “Zuma”, which is how the Zuma Rock name came to be.”

Myths And Mysteries

Several centuries down the line, Zuma Rock still has multiple mysterious stories woven around it. LEADERSHIP Friday investigation reveals that some people believe many mysterious things happen around the tourist attraction earnestly waiting to be tapped.

While some say ritualists operate around this wonder-piece, using children and adults for their dirty sacrifices, others have tales of unseen evil spirits dwelling in the belly of the rock.

Still yet, others regard it as a den for ritualists, a hidden temple for initiation into the world of the occult and an abode for dare-devil armed robbers who seek temporary refuge there whenever they conclude a successful operation and want to share their loot or when security agencies are on their trail.

Some people still claimed that there are 40 virgins surrounding the rock and that whoever tries to climb or touch it will die instantly.

Not far from the rock, is an uncompleted white abandoned edifice known as the Zuma Rock Hotel with other uncompleted buildings scattered around it. People have different stories on what transpired that led to the abandonment of the hotel.

While some attribute the reasons to be lack of patronage, a position many fault considering that the hotel never commenced official business, others claimed that some mysterious powers around the Zuma Rock frustrated the completion of the project. But the indigenes; the Koro people have an entirely different explanation.

The Gods Of Our Ancestors Are Angry- Koro Indigenes

For the Mai Angwan (Village Head) of Angwan Koro, Mammadu Dalatu, a community just opposite the Zuma Rock, the building of the hotel was halted because their ancestors are angry.

“When the hotel owners came to build the hotel a long time ago, during the Shehu Shagari regime, they only paid our fathers a stipend of N200 to N600 naira and took over the property, they did not really compensate us the owners of the land.

“The hotel was probably abandoned because the gods of our ancestors were angry. The developers did not take permission from us before taking any picture or erecting any building around the place, which is why the gods of our ancestors haunted them,” Dalhatu said.

The village head further adduced that government should provide hospital, access roads and stable electricity for the community.

“The rent for the clinic building used by this community is being paid by indigenes. It should not be so at all. Let government take a full responsibility for this and further provide us with hospital, good road and stable power supply,” Dalhatu opined.

Myths And Mysteries Finally Unravelled

In order to unearth the various myths and mysteries surrounding Zuma Rock, LEADERSHIP Friday visited and spoke with the village heads and residents of Angwan Koro and Chachi communities.

In his own candid observation, Dalatu in his mid-sixties, born and brought up at Angwan Koro, noted that he has never witnessed any mysterious happenings around the rock since he has been staying in the place.

“I have never witnessed any mysterious thing happening around the Zuma Rock. I only hear the information from outsiders who are not even staying around here.”

“They just spread rumours without really investigating to know the truth. The information is not true; there are no human sacrifices or mysterious noises coming from Zuma Rock.”

“We heard a very loud explosion, followed by a rumble and huge dust cloud, much like smoke around the rock after it exploded. The slab-like portion which fell of the rock is a part that has been hanging for a very long time now,” Dalhatu revealed.

Corroborating Dalatu, the Construction and Maintenance Engineer, Royal Institute For Training And Human Capital Development, Mustapha Shaibu said that if there were any of such mysterious happenings, the multi billion naira project, including a golf course would not have been located very close to Zuma Rock.

“Each time I hear people saying on radio programmes that there are strange occurrences around the rock, I marvel and want to know their sources of information,” Shaibu questioned.

Continuing, the engineer of Zuma Golf Villas said since he has been there for over six years, he has never heard any strange sound, case of human sacrifice or kidnap from the surrounding communities.

“It is unfortunate that people are actually carrying such rumours about the rock. It might interest you that a rock that is not even up to this is serving as tourist attraction in South Africa, generating income for the country.”

“If government can try to make Zuma Rock a tourist centre, people from different countries would come and it would serve as a source of income to the state and even Nigeria as a whole,” Shaibu stated.

Also speaking to LEADERSHIP Friday, the Sarkin Chachi (Village Head of Chachi), in Tafa local government area of Niger State, Mallam Musa Abubakar, who is also the traditional custodian of Zuma Rock and its surroundings, explained that there has never been any form of human sacrifice or any virgins of any sort around the area.

“The inhabitants of Chachi have been here for a very long time now, we have never heard of any case of kidnapping, ritual killing or ghosts devouring people before. If there is anything like that, we would have run away from this place a long time ago. This place is serene and open for tourism,” Abubakar noted.

Another resident, a clergy and General Superintendent of Zion Spring Church, Chachi, Prophet Oyetunji Abraham said he has been a resident of Chachi for over 10 years but has never experienced any form of ritual sacrifice or observed evil spirits doing mysterious things around the Zuma Rock. What you hear from radio stations and people from the town are not true at all,” Abraham noted.

Interestingly, when LEADERSHIP Friday got very close to the Zuma Rock, it was observed that there were several activities taking place such as farming and religious activities.

Landmark Visits To The Top Of Zuma Rock

LEADERSHIP Friday findings further revealed that some groups of foreign rock climbers have climbed the rock some time ago. Shaibu, who was an eye witness said that it took the climbers 14 days for them to finally climb the Zuma Rock.

“At first, we were thinking that it was not going to be possible, but on the 14th day, they were on top of the rock and spent two days before they came down.”

The immediate past governor of Niger State, Aliyu Babangida even flew a chopper to the top of Zuma Rock to meet the rock climbers, accompanied by the Sarkin Chachi (Chachi village head).

“It was a moment I will never forget in my life as thousands of people gathered to watch people on top of Zuma Rock for the first time,” Shaibu said.

He further argued that if there were mysterious beings on the rock, the former governor, the foreigners and even the residents of Angwan Koro and Chachi would have all been devoured by now.

Government’s Plan On Zuma Rock

Unveiling the plan of Niger State Government on Zuma Rock, the Senior Special Assistant to the Niger State governor on Media, Jide Orintunsin said the state government is partnering with technical organisations in the private sector to tape the potentials of the site.

He also debunked the myth and mysteries held by people over the giant structure.

Tourism experts have always advised that if the government can step and make Zuma Rock a tourist centre, huge revenue would be generated for the state and federal government, thereby accelerating national growth and development.

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Anti-corruption War Not To Embarrass Anyone – PMBhttp://leadership.ng/news/543617/anti-corruption-war-not-to-embarrass-anyone-pmb http://leadership.ng/news/543617/anti-corruption-war-not-to-embarrass-anyone-pmb#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:22:40 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543617 BUHARIPresident Muhammadu Buhari has said the ongoing anti-corruption war by his administration is not to embarrass or humiliating anybody in the ongoing war against corruption. He also  said that his government was acutely aware of challenges of life facing the average citizen, and appealed to Muslim religious leaders to carry the message of hope to...]]> BUHARI

President Muhammadu Buhari has said the ongoing anti-corruption war by his administration is not to embarrass or humiliating anybody in the ongoing war against corruption.

He also  said that his government was acutely aware of challenges of life facing the average citizen, and appealed to Muslim religious leaders to carry the message of hope to the people that things would improve.

At a meeting with the Council of Abuja Imams at the State House yesterday , the president requested religious leaders throughout the country “to keep calming the people.  The leadership at various levels is trying to solve problems of poverty, unemployment and insecurity bedeviling the country.”

On the anti corruption war,  the president, according to a statement by his senior special assistant, media, Garba Shehu, said his government would remain resolute and relentless.

“We have no plan to humiliate or embarrass anyone through these actions.  We are merely interested in instituting justice and fairness for all,”  the president assured.

He reiterated that whoever was caught as having stolen from the public would be forced to return the loot to the treasury.

President Buhari said the government chose to give priority to agriculture so as to create jobs for unemployed citizens and give the country food security.

He said although efforts had begun, there was a bigger plan for the provision of fertilisers, insecticides and land preparations starting next year.

To key into this, the President requested state governments and community leaders across the country to organize the population into cooperative societies, stressing that “extension services, not money will be provided.”

The President also addressed the religious leaders on the efforts to improve power supply in the country with  on-going efforts to bring foreign investment from China and some friendly countries that indicated willingness in developing the proposed Mambila and other hydro-electric power projects in the country.

President Buhari assured that the steps the government was carefully taking on the crisis situation in the Niger Delta would lead to long term peace and stabilize the region.

On the war against corruption and the Boko Haram terrorism, Earlier, the Chairman of Abuja Council of Imams, Dr. Tajudeen Mohammed Bello Adigun on behalf of the delegation commended the efforts of the Buhari administration in the war against corruption and terrorism.

He also drew the President’s attention to problems in the economy, health services, education and unemployment.

 

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More Trouble For PDP As Court Sacks Makarfihttp://leadership.ng/news/543615/more-trouble-for-pdp-as-court-sacks-makarfi http://leadership.ng/news/543615/more-trouble-for-pdp-as-court-sacks-makarfi#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:19:50 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543615 SHERIFF-Makarfi…Sheriff now chairman ..Justice Abang’s order questionable – Makarfi faction The crisis rocking the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), took another dimension yesterday, as Justice Okon Abang of a Federal High Court sitting in Abuja, in a ruling, affirmed Senator Ali Modu Sheriff as the authentic national chairman of the party. The court further nullified the...]]> SHERIFF-Makarfi

…Sheriff now chairman

..Justice Abang’s order questionable – Makarfi faction

The crisis rocking the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), took another dimension yesterday, as Justice Okon Abang of a Federal High Court sitting in Abuja, in a ruling, affirmed Senator Ali Modu Sheriff as the authentic national chairman of the party.

The court further nullified the appointment of Senator Ahmed Makarfi as the party’s caretaker committee chairman and also set August 15, 2016, for hearing of the application seeking to stop the August 17 national convention of the party.

The Makarfi-led committee had fixed the party’s national convention for August 17.

LEADERSHIP recalls that two days ago, Sheriff and eight others approached the court seeking to stop the convention from holding.

In his ruling on the application yesterday, the trial judge, Justice Okon Abang, held that the purported convention of the party held in Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, on May 20, 2016, was in violation of the two orders of the Lagos Division of the Federal High Court which barred the PDP and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) from holding the convention.

The court went further to bar the Makarfi-led caretaker committee from exercising any authority or taking any decision on behalf of the PDP henceforth, on account  of being an illegal body.

Earlier, Justice Abang had ruled on the tussle between two counsels, Olagoke Fakunle SAN and Ferdinand Obi SAN, who had announced their appearance for the PDP.

In the ruling, the court held that the Makarfi-led faction of the party, which appointed Obi, had no legal authority to do so.

The letter by the caretaker committee appointing Obi as the PDP’s counsel was subsequently declared illegal and unlawful, and was set aside by the court on the ground that Makarfi had no law to his side to appoint a lawyer for the PDP or carry out any act on its behalf.

Justice Abang upheld the appointment of Fakunle, who was appointed to represent the PDP by the Ali Modu Sheriff-led faction.

The judge took a swipe at the Makarfi-led group for missing their way to Port Harcourt to obtain a judgement from a division of the Federal High Court which is a court of co-ordinate jurisdiction to that of Lagos, to obtain a favourable judgement.

He averred that the judgement of the Port-Harcourt division which recognised the Makarfi-led caretaker committee was unlawful and illegal and has no foundation in law to stand.

Abang further held that until the orders made by the Lagos Division of the Federal High Court which restrained the PDP from holding the convention at the time it did are set aside, anything done would be in contravention of the two subsisting orders and therefore unlawful, illegal and should not be recognised

“If Makarfi-led caretaker committee as an apostle of impunity miss their way to Port Harcourt to get judgement, that judgement cannot stand.

“The Port Harcourt Division of the Federal High court cannot make an order to neutralise the effectiveness and potency of the  orders of Lagos Division of the Federal High court.

“As at the time the Makarfi-led committee found their way to the Port Harcourt Division of the Federal High Court, the orders of the Lagos division of the court were still subsisting.

“The Port Harcourt Division of the Federal High court therefore has no business to have dabbled into the issues of PDP leadership in the light of the subsisting orders issued in Lagos by a court of competent jurisdiction.

“Only again, let me make it clear that the Supreme Court has made it clear in a situation like this, something cannot be built on nothing and in the instance case, I have no liver to depart from the Supreme Court decision.

“Though I have powers to nullify the division of the Port Harcourt that recognised Makarfi leadership but I will not do so because there is no application to that effect before me. I will however allow the Court of Appeal to do justice to that,” the court held.

Reacting to the court ruling,  Sheriff insisted that the only way forward for the PDP was for the party to allow him organise a fresh national convention as national chairman of the party.

In a statement by his media aide, Inuwa Bwala, he said, “the fact is that Makarfi and co have been on voyage all along. The court has earlier given order which they disobeyed flagrantly; it is not surprising that they have been finally thrown out.

“The way forward is for them to cooperate with Ali Modu-Sheriff; let him organise fresh national convention and let new leadership emerge in PDP, except otherwise if they have another agenda to destroy PDP, they can disobey court order.”

The Makarfi-led leadership of the PDP has described the ruling of Abuja Federal High Court as objectionable, questionable and very strange to say the least, in the history of Nigeria’s judiciary.

The party said it would apply for stay of execution of the order and also appeal it.

In a statement by its spokesman, Prince Dayo Adeyeye, the Makarfi committee declared that what Justice Okon Abang did was to seat on an appeal over the court of competent and coordinate jurisdiction, and that was what made his interlocutory order very strange.

It went further to note that the judgment of the Federal High Court in Port Harcourt was very clear that the national caretaker committee was duly constituted and recognised; and in line with that, the scheduled National Convention for August 17, 2016 still holds.

“We have just received information that Justice Okon Abang of the Federal High Court in Abuja has granted an order of interlocutory injunction stopping our scheduled National Convention in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, but we want to state that the judgment of the 4th of July, 2016 supersedes any ex-parte order or interlocutory injunctions. So, our National Convention will hold as scheduled in Port Harcourt, Rivers State,” Adeyeye said.

The party recalled that “the two former judgments before the Port Harcourt judgment, declared that Senator Sheriff is not qualified to be a National Chairman given that the PDP Constitution 2014 which he claimed brought him to power is not in existence and therefore, null and void.

“The PDP wants Nigerians to know that Justice Okon Abang is deliberately engaging in acts of derailing the country’s democracy given the fact that his court is not an Appeal Court that can set aside any judgment. He has penchant for abuse of court processes and actions of legal impunity.”

The party further noted that, “This judge Nigerians will recall, issued judgment against the governor of Abia State that led to INEC re-issuing another Certificate of Return to a man who did not contest election, thereby causing unnecessary hardship on the people of that state.

“He also issued an order to INEC to recognise Senator Sheriff’s candidates in Edo and Ondo states before they could even plan their purported congress in Edo.

“In today’s case, this same judge out rightly denied the PDP representation in court which is unheard of by serving the plaintiff (Sheriff & Co.) who instituted the case also as PDP (defendants). His excesses are extremely absurd, strange and unbecoming of a judge who enjoys putting the judiciary on the spot. We therefore bring this matter before the highest level of judiciary in the country to stop this judge forthwith from waging war against the PDP.

“We are equally calling on Nigerians and the international community to compel Nigeria judiciary to address Justice Abang’s excesses before he kills our hard earned democracy.

“However, the party is law abiding and therefore, will apply for stay of execution of this order and also appeal it.

“Finally, the party calls on all its members and teaming supporters nationwide to remain calm and law abiding and be rest assured that the PDP National Convention will hold as scheduled and all preparation towards the August 17, 2016 National Convention remain the same.

“Justice Okon Abang can give Ali Modu Sheriff thousands of court orders, and that will not stop us from going ahead with planned national convention and other activities we intend to carry out. We have two court orders, which had declared Modu-Sheriff leadership illegal,” the Senator Ahmed Makarfi-led PDP stated yesterday.

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The Budget Padding Fiascohttp://leadership.ng/opinions/543693/the-budget-padding-fiasco http://leadership.ng/opinions/543693/the-budget-padding-fiasco#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:03:09 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543693 EDITORIAL-29There is no better way to describe the on-going war of words, outpouring of invectives and buck-passing over the circumstances that led to the inglorious ouster of the chairman, House of Representatives committee on appropriation, Abdulmumin Jibrin. Soon after his replacement by his Kano kinsman, Mustapha Dawaki, who hitherto was in charge of Housing, Jibrin...]]> EDITORIAL-29

There is no better way to describe the on-going war of words, outpouring of invectives and buck-passing over the circumstances that led to the inglorious ouster of the chairman, House of Representatives committee on appropriation, Abdulmumin Jibrin. Soon after his replacement by his Kano kinsman, Mustapha Dawaki, who hitherto was in charge of Housing, Jibrin spilled the beans of the behind-the-scene illicit padding of the budget, which he said was masterminded by the Speaker of the House, Yakubu Dogara and his deputy, Yusuf Lasun. The most intriguing of the complicity,  according to  Jibrin, is that it had the buy-in of the leader of opposition in the House, Leo Ogor and House whip Alhassan Doguwa, who should be the chief disciplinary officer in the Green chamber.

In the last one week the blackmail and propaganda on who did what has exposed the villainy of the House that was seen as less scandalous than the Senate that had been in the eye of the storm since the inauguration of the 8th National Assembly, last year. Already, no fewer than 113 lawmakers have demanded for investigation into alleged budget padding in the House of Representatives by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC). It has also been revealed that lawmakers out-did themselves by jerking up the appropriation. Despite strident denials by top officials of the National Assembly, it has been discovered that the legislators padded the 2016 budget to the tune of N481 billion.

Many lawmakers jumped on the gravy train and routed their requests for ‘constituency projects’ through Speaker Dogara, it was alleged. Besides these constituency projects, chairmen of 10 committees, it was further said, “padded” over N284 billion through 2000 projects, into the budget.

The grandstanding of the two sides  in  this  contestation notwithstanding, we hold that the matter should not be swept under the carpet by a government that derives legitimacy through its anti-corruption stance. It is presumptuous for the chairman of the House Committee on Ethics and Privileges, Nicholas Ossai, to have dabbled into the fray by insisting that anything done at plenary or premises of the House cannot be investigated by external bodies.

For an institution that has lost all moral high ground to self-regulate, nothing short of a transparent panel of enquiry is needed to unravel the  truth. Dogara has vowed to remain silent in the face of the allegations, saying he would allow the House to treat them at institutional level. This is business as usual and does not pass integrity test and common sense as he superintends over all the committees of the House. It will amount to being a judge in his own case. If they do not have anything to hide, the Speaker and other House leaders accused should come down from their high horses and explain to their beloved constituents noticed discrepancies in the budget. We call for external investigations into the matter to enable us know if our principal officers are guilty or not. The budget being a document that belongs to all Nigerians, cannot be treated as an internal or National Assembly affair alone.

Like Mahatma Ghandi once posited: “Corruption and hypocrisy ought not to be inevitable products of democracy, as they undoubtedly are today.” While we are for the principle of separation of powers as well as checks and balances, we are sceptical that a crisis-ridden and corrupt legislature can neither be trusted nor defended. It is left for the leadership of NASS to ensure that its chambers are hallowed, not hollow, as characterised by their past selfish activities and this budget indiscretion.

 

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Erdogan Doesn’t Need Coup To Consolidate Power – Oztunchttp://leadership.ng/news/543685/erdogan-doesnt-need-coup-to-consolidate-power-oztunc http://leadership.ng/news/543685/erdogan-doesnt-need-coup-to-consolidate-power-oztunc#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 03:00:47 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543685 Untitled-2As Turkey recovers from the coup attempt on President Tayyip Erdoghan’s government, there have been controversies surrounding the matter. In this interview with Bukola Ogunsina, businessman and member of MUSIAD, a business network in Turkey, Huseyin Oztunc, discloses the intricacies of the situation. In Turkey, the present government is blaming the Hizmet movement for the...]]> Untitled-2

As Turkey recovers from the coup attempt on President Tayyip Erdoghan’s government, there have been controversies surrounding the matter. In this interview with Bukola Ogunsina, businessman and member of MUSIAD, a business network in Turkey, Huseyin Oztunc, discloses the intricacies of the situation.

In Turkey, the present government is blaming the Hizmet movement for the attempted coup on President Erdoghan, what can you tell us about this situation?

This group they call themselves a social movement, they serve human beings and Islam. But in these last three years, we see that they have other plans. They are supported by some of the foreign intelligence services, and our government has evidences showing their secret plans. They are opening, schools, hospitals and universities in different countries. Presently they have schools in more than 120 different countries. Their leader is in the United States.

I want to unmask and expose their real face to Nigeria, that is why we are here and we are doing this interview. In the Middle East in particular, Turkey’s position is very important. Turkey is playing its own game and some other people who have plans in the Middle East, do not want Turkey alone to be powerful and destroy their plans. That is why they are fighting with Turkey, using what we call a modern war. We call it a modern war because previously, war was fought by soldiers but nowadays, they are not using their soldiers, they are using their spies that they have already put in government institutions. We call this group FETO terrorist group.

Why do you call them a terrorist group?

Long time ago they started to spy on Turkish institutions, and now we are seeing that their bosses have activated sleeping agents, so they can carry out their plan, because this is a very important time for us. The Middle East is very important for the big countries who want to be the owner of energy lines in this part of the world. That is the real reason for this coup. I want to explain why they have used this group and why at the end of the day they did not succeed.

They had planned meticulously. However, what they did not plan on was the public. That the public would come out to the square and stand in front of the weapons and in the line of fire. They did not plan for this. They did the same thing they did in Egypt, Syria and Iraq, calling it the Arab spring. Now they tried to start a Turkish spring but they could not. And at the end of the day, we realised that their soldiers are spies in the military, and they had attempted the coup. But they did not succeed because of the public. They had not expected the public to intervene.

On what basis would you say that the accusations are genuine?

After the coup issue, our government arrested the members of this group, their military. With these evidences we see that most of the people belong to this group. Some of them are not denying it. I want to call the attention of Nigerian government and His Excellency Muhammadu Buhari to this group.  Because if this group could do this in their own country and they have schools in other countries and are educating most of Nigerian children and didn’t think about the damage to their own country, why shouldn’t they do this to other countries? They are not alone, they are used by foreign intelligence services.

These kinds of evidences are showing that it is not just Turkey that is prone to risk of attack by this group, but all other countries. Very soon, you will see that Kazakhstan is their centre in Asia, and Nigeria is their centre in Africa. Nigeria is very important to them, months ago they started visiting different Nigerian government institutions, important people, we read in the papers. They are trying to explain that they are not a terrorist group. This was before the coup issue. So, if you are not at fault, why are you trying to convince people to believe you?

But the Turkish government was already calling them a terrorist group, is it not natural that they would want to clear their name? 

Before now Erdoghan was not calling them a terrorist group. We were calling them a damaging group. Then, he was talking about the Turkish situation, but now we see that they are an international group and not local, so now we are calling them terrorist group, after the coup. Even now we are inviting their members, ‘come change your ways and protect your own country,’ not believing that all these people were terrorist. In 2013, 17th and 25th November, they attempted the same coup, not military but by their bureaucrats to bring down our president and head of intelligence service at the time. They wanted to bring them down because it was just two sections they had not gotten under their control, our intelligence service and the presidency.

The other institutions were in their control.  They tried to get these two sections but they couldn’t. Because of President Tayyip Erdogan he did not allow that. This is not first time they are trying to bring down this government, especially Erdogan. Erdogan is ruining the plans of some countries in the Middle East and not playing their games and this is why they have to bring him down, this is very important for their plans in the Middle East.

Erdogan was an ally of Fetullah Gulen who is the head of the Hizmet movement before they went their separate ways. Even before this coup, they had their political differences. Don’t you think that it is more convenient to blame the Gulen group now that they are an opposition group?

In 2011 and 2012, the Turkish government grew with their support and they grew up with government support, we worked as a team. But then, they started to get control of all the institutions in the country. It is no problem, they are citizens, of course all Turkish citizens have a right to rule this country and be president, we have no problem with that. But when they started to share our intelligence services signals with other countries, we said we will not allow that. Erdogan warned them, that either they stop or you be finished and they continued. That is the main reason why they are saying that Erdogan is supporting ISIS, to portray him as a bad person to the world. This is false because our government since the beginning has been the biggest fighter against ISIS in the world, even more than NATO. We have spent more than $10 billion on Syrian refugees. Every day, the people’s support for Erdoghan increases and he is not afraid for his position.  So he doesn’t need to plan this.

There are millions in Turkey that can lay down their lives with just a word from Erdogan. This is who we are as a nation. In the past, a coup killed our president and we regretted. This time, we will never allow a repeat of what happened in the past. We voted him in and if we the people no longer want him, we will remove him. We will not allow outside interference. We have real democracy and justice in Turkey.  The Turkish economy is the 16th in the world, and our target is to bring it to 10th in 2023. In the Middle East, Turkey is very strategic. We have already applied to the US to give us the leader of this terrorist group; we are expecting US to do what they are supposed to do.

People are speculating that maybe this coup was staged to consolidate Erdogan’s power, and to purge and round up his political opposition. How true is this?

As I said, our government doesn’t need it. Because he has all power to do everything to clean them without this coup, to remove them from this government institution, he has enough power. In a democratic system if you have evidence, you can do that. And we had enough evidence before; even now we have more evidence.

 

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‘Chibok Government Secondary School Still Closed’http://leadership.ng/chibokgirls/543622/chibok-government-secondary-school-still-closed http://leadership.ng/chibokgirls/543622/chibok-government-secondary-school-still-closed#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 02:59:16 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543622 chibokgirls (1)One of the leaders of the Chibok community in Abuja, Dr Manessah Allen has stated that the Government Secondary School, Chibok where the 219 girls were abducted by the Boko Haram sect is still closed as the structures have not been rebuilt after the attack. Allen who was speaking during the sit-out of the #BringBackOurGirls(BBOG)...]]> chibokgirls (1)

One of the leaders of the Chibok community in Abuja, Dr Manessah Allen has stated that the Government Secondary School, Chibok where the 219 girls were abducted by the Boko Haram sect is still closed as the structures have not been rebuilt after the attack.

Allen who was speaking during the sit-out of the #BringBackOurGirls(BBOG) group clarified that the one opened was the Junior Day Secondary for juniour secondary students.

“I just wanted to clarify that the one that has been opened is the Junior Day Secondary. The school also host the primary school students. The primary school students attend school in the morning while the junior secondary students attend in the afternoon. This is how it has been operating even before the attack,” he said.

While expressing happpiness that the children of the area will now be able to go to school, Allen lamented that the secondary school at the area was still in ruins years after the attack of the Boko Haram sect.

He therefore urged the government to fufill the promise it had make to the communty by reconstructing the school so that the students can return back to school.

“Many of the senior secondary school students have been at home for years now. They need to complete their education. The junior ones who have started also need a school to move to when they have finished with their junior secondary education,” he said.

Recall that the BBOG group and the Chibok community have urged the federal government to rebuild the Government Secondary School, Chibok, Borno State where the over 219 girls were abducted by the Boko Haram sect.

In a release signed by leaders of the group, Dr Oby Ezekwesili and Aisha Yesufu, the group stated that it was a bad symbolic reminder if the school continues to lie in the ruins of the tragedy and destruction that terrorists visited on it two years ago.

“We urge the federal and Borno State governments to take immediate steps to restore the Government Secondary School, Chibok from where our Chibok girls were abducted. That it continues to lie in the ruins of the tragedy and destruction that terrorists visited on it two years ago is a bad symbolic reminder.

“We are full of hope that our girls will return and seek knowledge. We are persuaded that out of our 219 girls, we are capable through dedication to their individual restoration and education to produce world-class human capital similar to or even greater than the inspiring friend of Chibok girls, Malala Yousafzai, a testament that the human spirit empowered by the divine can triumph over any evil force,” it said.

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Borno State: US Invests Additional $4.1m On Educationhttp://leadership.ng/news/543684/borno-state-us-invests-additional-4-1m-on-education http://leadership.ng/news/543684/borno-state-us-invests-additional-4-1m-on-education#respond Fri, 29 Jul 2016 02:58:18 +0000 http://leadership.ng/?p=543684 Untitled-2The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has announced the expansion of its Education Crisis Response activity into Borno state with a $4.1 million investment. The aim is to provide assistance to nearly 60,000 internally displaced children and youth, ages 6 to 17, and their host communities.  This expansion into Borno state will further...]]> Untitled-2

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has announced the expansion of its Education Crisis Response activity into Borno state with a $4.1 million investment. The aim is to provide assistance to nearly 60,000 internally displaced children and youth, ages 6 to 17, and their host communities.  This expansion into Borno state will further open 150 non-formal learning centres that will offer access to schooling to IDPs children and youth.

Presently active in the northeastern Nigerian states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, and Yobe, USAID’s expansion of its Education Crisis Response activity into Borno is regarded a major milestone, as the ongoing conflict in the northeast has created a complex humanitarian and economic crisis affecting millions.

Insurgents have targeted schools in local communities, disrupting teaching, restricting children’s access to schooling, and placing significant stress on the communities hosting displaced families fleeing violence in their home areas.

USAID Mission Director Michael Harvey indicated in a statement that “The United States stands as a proud partner of the Nigerian people in their fight against violent extremism.  Borno state is the epicentre of that fight,” further adding that the US government will not shy away from its commitment to those hardest hit in the north east humanitarian crisis.

This expansion adds to the $130 million of USAID’s humanitarian activities in northeast Nigeria since 2014. Since early 2015, USAID’s Education Crisis Response activity has opened 408 non-formal learning centres, offering schooling to approximately 37,000 internally displaced children and youth.

 

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