Rights Of Neighbors And Strong Society

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Observing neighbors’ rights, is an issue that the Qur’an emphasizes, along with treating one’s parents kindly, being faithful to relatives and caring for orphans. It is commanded in Surah an-Nisa (women) (as interpreted): “… worship God and do not associate anything as a partner with Him: do good to your parents in the best way possible and to the relatives, orphans, the destitute, the neighbor who is near (in kinship, location, faith), the neighbor who is distant (in kinship and faith), the companion by your side (on the way, in the family, in workplace etc), the wayfarer, and those who are in your service. (Treat them well and bring yourself up to this end for) God does not love those who are conceited and boastful.” (an-Nisa 4:36).

Here, directly following the command to worship God and not to associate any partners with him, doing good to parents is commanded. Actually, when love, respect, and yearning to meet someone are concerned, what comes after God’s right is His Messenger’s: we recognize our Lord thanks to him; we learn the way to perceive and interpret creation correctly thanks to him; and we understand that we are created and meant for eternity thanks to the messages he brought. In these respects, we are greatly indebted to him. However, as the verse mentioned above addresses the issue, not in terms of theory but practical deeds, parents’ rights, not Prophet’s, are mentioned second. The fact that the beginning of the Devine command is not related to faith in God but to worship Him also indicates this.

After mentioning parents, the verse commands doing good to relatives, orphans, and the destitute, respectively. Then the verse draws attention to the rights due to neighbors by commanding the doing of good to both near and distant neighbors. Accordingly, all people living around us are included in this meaning, and they deserve to be treated well.

A Way To Attain Perfect Faith

An authenticated saying of the Prophet, confirmed by great scholars including Bukhari and Muslim, stresses the importance of neighborliness. Indeed, Gabriel gave such insistent advice to the Prophet about neighbors that he thought Gabriel would nearly declare neighbors as inheritors to one another. Given a person’s inheritors are their closest relatives, we can imagine how important neighbors’ rights are in the sight of God. Another saying of the Prophet relates this issue to faith: “whoever believes in God and the Day of Judgement, let him be good to his neighbor. Whoever believes in God and the Judgment Day, let him treat his guest. Whoever believes in God and the Judgement Day, let him speak goodness or be silent.”

Good Neighbors Who Offer The Key To Eternal Bliss

The Messenger of God also gave warnings that a person who comfortably sleeps with a full stomach while his neighbor is hungry, cannot be a believer in the true sense, and that a person whose neighbors are not safe from his harm, cannot enter Paradise. If the rights of neighbors are stressed so much in the Qur’an and the Tradition of the Prophet, it is an issue of great importance. In this respect, a Muslim should embrace- near or distant-all of their neighbors magnanimously. People with sound faith should know how to share all of the beauties they posses with their neighbors; it is a requirement of Muslim ethics. When rights of neighbors are mentioned, the first thing that come to mind is the material kind of aid, such as offering them food, clothes, and the like. Other kinds of alms can be given to non-Muslims. For example, one can provide financial aid to near or distant neighbors whether they are Muslims or not, because these are basic human needs. Particularly in circumstances of poverty, Muslims should never let their neighbors starve, no matter who they are, and should absolutely provide them with support. Helping a neighbor find a job is also very important means of doing good. But it is not  a correct approach to reduce neighbors rights to material aid alone. Greeting neighbors and asking about their well being, getting acquainted better through visits, paving the way to friendly relations between people and making efforts to eliminate negative feelings-if there are any-are also very important points. It is essential to establish a relationship with one’s neighbors, particularly for Muslims living in a foreign country. For example, they can take the opportunity on special days to make their neighbors happy with presents and visits. In this way, they can find chances to warm hearts, eliminate biased opinions about Muslims and introduce their values to others. When the issue is seen from this perspective, it is more easily understood that rights of neighbors should not be reduced to a notion of material aid.

Bridges Of Friendship Build Through A Bowl Of Pudding

Unfortunately, it is a bitter reality that there exists a serious void in terms of neighbourly relations, as a result of neglecting our own values. To such a degree that even in Muslim countries, an entire society live in their own worlds, retreated in their apartments. Neighbors knock on one another’s door only when there is disturbing noise, in order to warn the latter. Therefore, we need to do our best to make use of every possible means in order to eliminate this chronic problem. But it should not be forgotten that changing the established notions and understandings in the people’s minds is not something easily done like taking off a suit. This issue requires persistence and resolved efforts. Sometimes, you take this chance through the tradition of cooking Noah’s pudding and offering your neighbor upstairs a bowl of pudding or sometimes, you show your good intentions on some other day that is important to your neighbor. Let us not forget, benevolence is a part of human nature and we do appreciate kindness. Therefore, acts of kindness will definitely make their effects one day, sooner or later. Maybe your neighbors will try you for a long time but once they see that you seek no personal benefit, they should gradually open their doors and mutual visits will begin. The Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, compared the situation of believers with respect to one another to a good building whose bricks are soundly integrated. Naturally, all the factors-observing parent’s rights, strengthening bonds of kinship, caring for the needy, and observing neighbor’s rights-mentioned in the initially quoted verse, play an important role at building such a society without clash and conflict, can only be built from individuals such as these.

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