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Anambra Central Senatorial Election: Why INEC Is Yet To Issue Obiora Okonwo A Certificate Of Return



By Michael Oche, Abuja

Contrary to accusations in some quarters that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has deliberately refused to issue a certificate of return to Dr Obiora Okonkwo as the “authentic winner” of the Anambra Central Senatorial Election, checks has revealed that the case is still pending at the Court of Appeal.

Supporters of Obiora Okonkwo allege that Justice Tsoho of the Federal High court Abuja had granted relief sought by Dr. Okonkwo, to the effect that he is the validly nominated candidate of the PDP for the March 2015 senatorial election for Anambra Central and as such should enjoy the victory of PDP at the said 2015 election.

Investigations however reveals that the judgement is at variance with the orders of the Court of Appeal delivered in 2 judgements CA/A/160/2016 and CA/A/165/2016 both of them dated 20th November 2017 (3 weeks before his judgement).

It was also gathered from sources familiar with the case that there has never been any legal advice to INEC to obey the judgement of the High Court and to ignore that of the Court of Appeal unlike what supporters of Obiora would have people believe.

Besides, No lawyer can canvass this position in violation of Sec. 287 of the Constitution. Hence, our investigation reveals that INEC is only abiding by the judgements of a superior court which is conveniently ignored here.

In all of the facts raised so far by supporters of Okonkwo, no reference has been made to subsisting judgements of the Court of Appeal (a superior court) on the same issue dated 20th November 2017, thereby creating the impression that the only judgement is that of the High Court dated 13th December 2017.

It would also be recalled that on Friday 22nd December 2017, INEC approached the same High Court to draw its attention to the judgements of the Court of Appeal on the same issue which the lower court is bound to obey by virtue of Sec. 287 of the 1999 Constitution (as amended).

Citing numerous authorities, the Commission prayed the Court to vary its decision in the interest of justice. Obiora Okonkwo’s lawyer, Mr. Hon SAN, was duly served. It is therefore surprising that the legal team is claiming ignorance.

Also contrary to claims that the electoral Act stipulates 48-hours time frame for the handing over of a certificate of return to a winner as cited by supporters of Dr Okonkwo, the proviso only applies to the Supreme and appellate courts.

However, in this case, the appellate court (the Court of Appeal) has ordered the Commission to conduct re-run elections without the PDP and its candidate within 90 days while a Federal high Court is saying otherwise.

Furthermore, Sub-sec. 2 states: “Where the Commission refuses or neglects to issue a Certificate of return, a certified true copy of the order of a court of competent Jurisdiction shall, ipso facto, be sufficient for the purpose of swearing-in a candidate declared as the winner by that Court”.

Therefore, putting pressure on INEC to the extent of organising demonstration and media blackmail to press for the issuance of Certificate of Return is unnecessary since the law says that the certificate is not a requirement for swearing-in in this case.

Also, contrary to claims that the election was not nullified, checks revealed that the election was actually nullified. The Election Petition Appeal Tribunal said that no primary election in Anambra Central was conducted by the PDP and nobody can claim to be a product of what did not take place.

Ekwunife was disqualified because she was not validly nominated (CA/E/EPT/28/2015 of 7th December 2015). This should have ended all litigations. Sec. 246(3) of the Constitution confers finality to the judgements of the Election Petition Appeal Tribunal in all litigations involving legislative elections (Senate, House of Representatives and State Assembly).

All courts are seized of jurisdiction on the matter. This constitutional provision has been affirmed on several occasions by the Supreme Court, including a case emanating from the same Anambra Central Senatorial District (see Supreme Court SC. 204/2016 of 10th February 2016)

For instance, PDP conducted fresh primary election and nominated Peter Obi which was rejected by INEC for being in contravention of the judgement of the Appeal Tribunal and the 60-day decline enshrined in the Electoral

Obi approached a Federal High Court in Abuja and won. INEC appealed in the interest of justice as the same principle was applied under similar circumstances in 8 different elections across Five (5) States of the Federation. INEC won on appeal and the Court ordered the Commission to re-run the election in Anambra Central Senatorial District “without the PDP and its candidate within 90 days”. The judgement referred to in serial 10 above, still subsists. INEC has already fixed Saturday 13th January 2018 for the election.

Interestingly, one of the candidates that participated in the in the 2014 PDP primary election which the Appeal Tribunal ruled did not hold, Barrister Chukwunweike (Chike) Maduekwe, approached the Federal High Court, Abuja (FCT/HC/CV/1110/2015) to press for the refund of the N4.5m he paid for the expression of interest and nomination form to the party. The Court ruled in his favour. There is therefore a subsisting judgement of another High Court, affirming the position of the Appeal Tribunal, that no valid primary election was held for the nomination of candidates in Anambra central.