Stakeholders in environment and climate change have met to validate Nigeria’s first Biennial Update Report (BUR1) containing its national greenhouse gas inventories, actions taken to mitigate it, need and support received, to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
At the one-day stakeholders validation and close-out workshop convened by the department of climate change of the Federal Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Keffi, Nasarawa State, the permanent secretary of the Ministry of Environment, Dr Shehu Ahmed, in his opening remarks, said Nigeria, like many developing nations, was strongly predisposed to severe negative impact of climate change, pointing out that the objective of the convention was to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate system.
“It is a well-known fact that Nigeria, like many developing nations, is strongly predisposed to severe negative impact of climate change due to its fragile economy, weak resilience and low adaptive capacity. Much of the economy is dependent on climate sensitive resources.
“With the realization of the potential dangers of global warming and the consequent socio-economic implications to the whole world, the United Nations adopted the framework convention on climate change in 1992. The objective of the convention is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate systems,” he said.
He noted that Nigeria as a party to the UNFCCC and KP had the obligation to submit to the convention an accurate and consistent internationally comparable data on GHG emissions, saying this is essential for international comparability to take the most appropriate action to mitigate climate change and ultimately achieve the objective of the convention.
Towards the preparation for Nigeria’s first BUR, the permanent secretary said government had invested significant time and resources while series of meetings were held which provided a platform for deliberations, consultations and inputs in the thematic areas of the report. He added that the national stakeholders’ validation meeting was to finalise and produce a final copy of the BUR.
Earlier, the director of the department of climate change, Dr Yerima Peter Tarfa, noted that activities towards the development of Nigeria’s BUR kick-started with the meeting of the local project appraisal committee (LPAC) on 2015, saying a series of meetings with relevant stakeholders provided a platform for deliberations, consultations and inputs in critical areas of the BUR.
He said the validation exercise gave Nigeria the opportunity to communicate its low carbon development efforts in a transparent manner.
He said: “We are all aware that the Conference of Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC adopted in 2010/COP16 the BUR for the purpose of enhancing reporting of climate change mitigation actions and their effects. Consequently, Nigeria as one of the non-Annex1 Parties under the UNFCCC has the obligation to prepare and submit every two years reliable, comprehensive, consistent, comparable and transparent BUR to COP.”
The director explained that the scope of the BUR covered information on natural circumstances and institutional arrangements, national greenhouse gas inventory reports (NIR), information on mitigation actions and their effects – methodologies and assumptions, constraints and gaps, and related financial technical capacity needs – support needed and received, information on the levels of support received for BUR’s preparation and submission, information on domestic measurement and reporting and verification.
“Consequently, the endorsed document will be submitted for the commencement of the ICA process, where it will be reviewed and analyzed, upon which, if it meets the requirement and approval, will be made available on the UNFCCC website,” he added.
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