A study by Oxfam and West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) has revealed factors that are undermining efforts at achieving food security and justice under climate change in Nigeria.
The research titled: National Budget In Relation To Climate Change Adaptation Frameworks and Policies in Nigeria by the two organisations was unveiled by the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP-Nigeria) in Abuja, yesterday.
According to the research, “small-scale farmers are not the focus of investments in climate change adaptation in Agriculture in the country. Nigeria had the lowest share of spending on agriculture and rural development (4.9 per cent) as part of international aid between 2007 and 2015 behind countries like Pakistan, Tanzania , Philippines, Ethiopia and Ghana; Nigeria’s population size is about equal to the combined populations of the six countries receiving the largest share of multilateral climate adaptation funding; Nigeria’s agriculture sector received 0.08% of aid in financial Year 2014-2015, significantly behind aid invested in health (68%) and education (19%); Nigeria’s budget spending on agriculture has remained significantly below Maputo target of 10 per cent.’’
The national network coordinator, WANEP, Mrs. Bridget Osakwe, said the event was timely as it addressed issues that undermine food security in the country.
Also, the influencing/public engagement officer of OXFAM, Mr Abdulazeez Musa, explained that with adequate support, small-scale farmers throughout Nigeria could overturn rampant malnutrition and move the country towards food security.
The chairman of Civil Societies and Development Partners, Peter Akpatason, noted that there is an inherent issue in the budget concerning allocation to agriculture.
President of the National Association of Nigerian Traders, Barr. Ken Ukhuoha said there is a need to question the budgetary allocation for the 36 states of the federation (including the FCT), private sectors investments and Overseas Development Assistance (ODA).
According to the research, the Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) allocation for agriculture between 2014 – 2015 was 0.08% of the total funds of $2.2b disbursed to Nigeria by bilateral and multilateral donours.
Health and education sectors received the largest shares of 68.43% and 18.56% respectively during the period.
Although the percentage allocation for agriculture in the 2018 budget increased from 2.2% to 3.5%, this is still far below the benchmark of 10% national budget allocation stipulated at the African Union Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in 2003 in Maputo, Mozambique.
The research also observed that “there was a chequered pathway for ODA flows for Ministries of Budget and Planning, Agriculture, Environment, other MDAs and CSOs. This is due to largely uncoordinated processes and at best modest outcomes.”
It further revealed that small scale farmers’ profile reflected their vulnerabilities to climate change, especially for females. It found that male farmers were generally older than females, had more years of farming experience, cultivated larger areas for farming (1.7h-m, 1.1h-f), earned higher incomes, had less access to land and credit, and had access to inputs and other facilities like water, inputs, Improved technology and extension services.
President of the National Association of Nigerian Traders, Barr. Ken Ukhuoha said, “we need to question the budgetary allocation for the 36 states of the federation (including the FCT), private sectors investments and Overseas Development Assistance (ODA).
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