febrile convulsion is a seizure or fit caused by a fever, usually in children aged six months to six years. A child having a febrile convulsion might stiffen, jerk arms or legs and fall unconscious. Their eyes may roll back in their head. Most febrile convulsions aren’t serious, but parents should see their GP if their child has one, or they think the child has had one.
It is also important to note that afebrile convulsion is a seizure or fit that happens because of fever caused by a rise in temperature to as highor higher than 38°C. The rapid rise in temperature causes an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain.
According to Dr Dre Chinedu of Chrane Hospital in Lafia, Nasarawa State, most cases of convulsion in children are caused by prolonged untreated ailments in which case might not reoccur. He added that for the case of epilepsy, which is hereditary, one of the preventive measures is to adhere strictly to medication.
He noted that besides meningitis and fevers that cause convulsions, children with sickle cell anemia also convulse as a result of one complication or another.
He listed causes of convulsion to include: Infections, metabolic disorders, drugs, medications, poisons, disordered blood vessels, bleeding inside the brain.
Symptoms of febrile convulsions, Symptoms of a febrile convulsion usually include:, Body stiffness and/or jerky movements ,Loss of consciousness (blacking out), Eyes rolling back in the head
Shallow breathing or altered breathing, Deep sleep for an hour or so afterwards.
Most febrile convulsions don’t last longer than a few minutes. Febrile convulsions almost always stop by themselves before you get the chance to seek medical treatment.
Chinedu noted that there are dos and don’ts that can help with managing convulsions. They include:
Remove harmful objects so a child doesn’t injure him/herself.
Lay the child on the left side to prevent tongue falling back which can lead to injury.
Avoid using spoon, oil, fire to revive the child because they can swallow anything at this point which is very dangerous. Observe the child’s movement.
After which you get a medical personnel to check the child and administer Daizepam accordingly.