The rainy or wet season is the time of the year when the weather is windy and cold and it is a time when children, mostly below the age of five, get infected with various illnesses. One of such infections is pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Bacterial pneumonia, even though common among adults, is worse in children as their immunity is not mature, it’s important to note cold weather is a major trigger.
Pneumonia causes inflammation in the air sacs in the lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe.
The major types of pneumonia are classified by the cause of infection, where the infection was transmitted, and how the infection was acquired.
Bacterial pneumonia: The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Chlamydophila pneumonia and Legionella pneumophila can also cause bacterial pneumonia.
Viral pneumonia: Respiratory viruses are often the cause of pneumonia, especially in young children and older people. Viral pneumonia is usually not serious and lasts for a shorter time than bacterial pneumonia.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia
Pneumonia symptoms can be mild to life-threatening. The most common symptoms of pneumonia can include:
Coughing, may produce phlegm (mucus)
fever, sweating, and chills, shortness of breath, chest pain.
Other symptoms can vary according to the cause and severity of the infection.
Pneumonia In Infants And Newborns
According to Dr Dre Chinedu of Chrane Hospital in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Pneumonia is caused by bacteria in the air and often times when children are not well protected from cold.
“Parents need to avoid exposing children to cold. Since viruses thrive in cold weather, it is good to wear children protective clothes.”
Avoid children sleeping opposite a window or in an air-conditioned environment when the weather is cold.
And ensure they wash their hands with warm, soapy water to get rid of germs.
Using hand sanitizer is also a good option to prevent the spread of germs.
Toddlers find it hard to communicate and they cannot express their feelings with words. But, you can check these following symptoms to stay alert when your newborn baby is suffering from pneumonia.
Treatment Of Pneumonia In Children
Pneumonia in kids can be easily treated with the help of antibiotics. If you are taking care of the disease at home, then you can give antibiotics, pain relieve medicines, reduce fever with paracetamol and taking rest. If the treatment is going on at a hospital, then the nurse and doctor will provide antibiotics through the channel, oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids and physiotherapy.
Consult with your health care professional and you will get more desired solutions to control pneumonia. It will improve the condition of your kids.
The expert with years of experience will give you better diagnosis of the disease and suggest to you a proper medicine to treat the disease and cure your child to live a better and healthy life.
Most kinds of pneumonia are contagious.
Both viral and bacterial pneumonia can spread to others through inhalation of airborne droplets from a sneeze or cough. But while you can become infected with fungal pneumonia from the environment, it doesn’t spread from person to person.
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