The Chinese system of governance is unique to China and it has been encouraged that developing countries should establish a system of rule and adjust it to better suit its features domestically. Professor Wang Yiwei had before hand in a lecture, described Communism in China as a ‘Chinalised Socialism,’ which simply focuses on domesticating socialism to suit China.
He highlighted that in the end, what works for ‘A’ may not work for ‘B’. As Wang advises, countries in Africa are better off finding what political system works best for them, putting to consideration the situation, features and surroundings. “In the lessons as I shared, it is best to be yourself. Everything should be localised. In my presentation, I always highlight the word, ‘Chinalised,’ it means localised,” he stated.
Having found a political system that works to drive its spirit of reform and opening up, China, while looking for ways to continue to improve is heading in the right direction where progress is concerned, embracing the whole of China and carrying the entire country along towards the Chinese Dream. Article 4 of the constitution of the Peoples Republic of China in chapter one of its “General Principles” states that “All nationalities in the Peoples Republic of China are equal. The state protects the lawful rights and interests of the minority nationalities and upholds and develops a relationship of equality, unity and mutual assistance among all of China’s nationalities. Discrimination and oppression of any nationality are prohibited; any act which undermines the unity of the nationalities or instigates division is prohibited”.
The Autonomous Region Of Tibet
Tibet, in China is a region that has benefitted largely from the reform and opening up process. Previously Tibet’s social system was named one of theocratic feudal serfdom until the mid-20th century. The region was in the past underdeveloped, closed and backward. Tibet began embracing modern civilisation after the People’s Republic was founded in 1949. After the peaceable liberation of Tibet in 1951 came the speedy development of theautonomous region. This laid the foundation for sustainable development and improved quality in the living standard of all people in the region and the ethnic Tibetans. The reform functioned in so many valuable ways and mainly abolished theocracy, bringing all peoples under the protection of the constitution and law of China. Tibet is now both advanced in economy and culture, and has also been opened to the rest of the world. To this end, the Chinese government addresses the region’s development by providing policies, projects and funds and urges relatively developed provinces and big enterprises in assisting Tibet. The central government of China instituted Tibet work symposiums established in 1980. During the 5th Tibet symposium, most targets were accomplished in 2015. The programme indicated that the gap between the per capita net income of Tibet farmers and herdsmen and the national average is to be considerably narrowed. Basic public services conspicuously improved and ecological environment further improved. Tibet’s infrastructural development made an important breakthrough on July 1st 2006, with the Qinghai-Tibet Railway going into operation, attracting worldwide attention.
Among several changes brought about by the railway is the high demand for tourism. According to statistics from the Tourism Bureau of the Tibet Autonomous Region, in the first-five months from operation of the railway, to the end of 2006, Tibet received 1.86 million tourists domestically and internationally with an upsurge of 48 percent over the same period of the erstwhile year.
The Autonomous Region Of Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia is the first autonomous region in China and serves as a role model for other ethnic autonomous areas. The fascination with Inner Mongolia is the region’s drive for development in spite of the various ethnic differences of the people that dwell there. Also a point of attraction is the Kubuqi desert recognised as the seventh largest desert in China, with total area of 80 000 square kilometres. Today, sandstorms have reduced, more green corridors were established and nurtured. “The desert has become green land and clean waters,” a senior official of Elion Resources Group, Wang Zhanyi said, adding that over the years of hard work, the year 2017 eventually saw 46 000 people removed from poverty. He also pointed out that the area was a tourism magnet, and as such has supported Kubuqi’s economy.
China has also paid strong attention to its provinces as a result of its reform and opening up process.
Guangdong in China is considered as the gate to the world. The Director General of Guangdong Foreign Affairs Office, Luo Jun enlightened that there were about 110 million people in Guangdong in 2016. It is the most popular city, most dynamic and open economy in China, spending 1 trillion US dollars on export and import. “The year 2017 is an important year for the five-year plan period and structural reform,” he said, indicating that consumer price growth will be controlled by 3 percent, and unemployment reduced to 3.5 percent, while aiming for a better taxation and financial system. “We will increase our economy, promote high quality development of the private sector. We will take active part in the Belt and Road Initiative. Reform agricultural sector, coordinate development of Urban and Rural areas,” he said. Guangdong currently has 122 sister cities around the world, and encourages more sister province relationships.
Sichuan Province is perhaps the most impressionable of the provinces. The common view that mountains depict challenges is the opposite in Sichuan, considered the least developed province in China. This rural part of China turned its challenge into a profit making venture for further development. Officials state its population to be at 91 million.The mountainous regions of Lixian and Wenchuan Counties as a result of reform and opening up, attracted international tourism through scenic views of the mountains and versatile cultures among others to its advantage. According to reports by officials, in 2016 the region had over 4.72 million tourists.
Ningxia, a province in China is noted to have minimal contact with the outside world. According to the Chinese government reports, the Province has 11 special poverty stricken areas. In spite of these, Ningxia is relentless in its stride towards development. In the region’s south of Yinchuan, the Chinese government works to relocate villagers to better accommodation and means of livelihood. An official of the county pointed out, “Seven years ago this place was a desert, not suitable for planting crops. So companies were invited to invest and villagers were employed to work for companies which in turn aided alleviation of poverty. People who get rich first help the poor and gradually everyone gets out of poverty.” The Chinese government’s aim is to get rid of all the poor people before 2020.
Gansu’s Jiuquan is important to understanding China’s Belt and Road Initiative, as the province is the most part of what isleft of the ancient Silk Road. The BRI project which is builtupon it, runs through the east and west of Jiuquan for 680 km. It is also said that Jiuquan controls one district, two cities and four counties namely; Suzhou district, Dunhuang city, Yumencity, Jinta county, Guazhou county, Subei Mongol autonomous county and Aksai Kazak autonomous county. This area has a population of 1.1 million, and is 42 percent of the entire Gansu region. Each area uses its individuality towards a common goal development.
Zhejiang hosted the 2016 G20 Summit in its capital Huangzhou. According to Wang Yunqi,w the Chief of Culture & News Division of the department of Foreign Affairs, People’s Government of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang is the economic power house of China, having 12,577 USD per capita GDP. Its economic growth was eight (8) percent the first half of this year. Private sector accounts for over 70 percent of its major output. Over two (2) million of Zhejiang citizens conduct businesses all over the world. Last year the total trade volume exceeded 323 billion USD.
Zhejiang Province has over 4000 commodity trade markets, with a daily revenue of 14.7 million USD in commodity markets. Last year it gained 117 billion USD in tourism revenue. Zhejiang had 573 million overseas and 11.1 million domestic tourists last year 2016. The Province enjoys abundant marine resources and has a long history of foreign trade.
Zhejiang has a long history of interacting with foreign countries. As early as the Tang dynasty over 1,200 years ago. It presently has 22 friendship cities with 12 countries from Africa to include South Africa, Botswana, Egypt and Ethiopia.