The Director General of National Agency For Foods and Drugs Administration Control (NAFDAC), Professor Mojisola Christianah Adeyeye has said the approach to ensure drug security is holistic.
The drugs control approach, she said covers heightened awareness to eliminate substandard and falsified medicines, through post – marketing survey and quality of medicines monitoring by spot checks and laboratory testing.
NAFDAC DG disclosed this while delivering a Public Lecture on “Drug Security and National Development: Prospects and Challenges”, organised by the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau state.
Adeyeye also said to boost the local manufacturers, there is a need for NAFDAC to reviewing the five plus five year validity policy to allow manufacturers to have a renewal of their five year registration for another five years as this would increase local production of pharmaceuticals.
She added: “After obtaining of a product, the company will be expected to give blue print of how it plans to migrate to local production or partnership in any area of pharmaceutical production and development with a Nigerian pharmaceutical company before the expiration of the five years validity “.
She identified “importation of drugs materials as one of the major contributions to the high level of drugs insecurity in the country which currently accounts for 70 to 80 percent of our prescription only on medicines needs, leaving local manufacture with only 20 to 30 percent, sourced from about 150 registered manufacturers which are mostly small or medium scale.”
Adeyeye said the need of government intervention for drug security in the country “is underscored by the decimal contribution of pharmaceutical sales to the GDP. This is partly due to low local manufacturing capacity and heavy reliance on importation.
“The recently signed Federal Government of Nigeria “Executive Order” EO1 and EO3, on promotion of transparency and Effective in the Business Environment, with the purpose of boosting patronage of locally made goods is laudable. It will aid in fascinating the drive for attainment of self-sufficiency, if adequately implemented and would help local pharmaceutical manufacturers and improved drug security.
“Means of boosting patronage include use of existing Public Procurements Act 2007, obtaining WHO pre qualification, not needing it for use medical reasons or research”, he stated.
The DG lamented the impact and abuse of psychoactive substances such as tramadol and codeine, noting this has caused devastating consequences on Nigerian youths in form of increased addiction, mental imbalance and decreased workforce productivity and terrorism.
The NAFDAC boss pledged to dialogue with China through focused on discussions to address health imbalance that has resulted in the tramadol, codeine and other narcotics crisis in Nigeria, adding that “these drugs are often exported outside the regulatory control of Chines equivalent into Nigeria in strengths that are above those recommended clinically for human use and that can be poisons.”
In his remarks, the Vice Chancellor of the University of Jos, Professor Sebastian Maimako described the public lecture as timely in view of the involvement of Nigerian youths in drugs abuse.
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