It’s normal for babies and children to vomit occasionally. In most cases, it will last no longer than a day or two and is not a sign of anything serious.
However, persistent vomiting can sometimes cause your child to become severely dehydrated and occasionally it can be a sign of something more serious, such as meningitis.
According to a consultant, Dr Anya Samuel, the first important thing a parent can do when they observe that a child is constantly vomiting, is to make sure the child is constantly hydrated.
“Children who are vomiting should keep taking small sips of clear fluid, such as water or clear broth. Fruit juice and fizzy drinks should be avoided until they’re feeling better. If they’re not dehydrated and haven’t lost their appetite, it is fine for the child to eat solids too. But where they can’t eat and they run a temperature, it is best to consult a doctor immediately as it might be symptoms of fever or some other illness,” he said.
Samuel listed causes of vomiting to include:
Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut. It’s a common cause of vomiting in children and usually lasts a few days.
Other infections vomiting can sometimes be a sign of an infection other than gastroenteritis, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), middle ear infections, pneumonia or meningitis.
Accidentally swallowing something poisonous can cause your child to vomit or if the child is lactose intolerant.
Congenital pyloric stenosis
This is a condition present at birth where the passage from the stomach to the bowel has narrowed, so food is unable to pass through easily; this causes projectile vomiting.