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Powder Tomato Processing Business

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In Nigeria, tomatoes are grown in large and commercial scale especially in the North, but consumed equally across the length and breadth of the entire country. Tomatoes are either used fresh or processed into paste, puree, ketchup and powder. Unfortunately, they are not only seasonal but highly perishable and deteriorate few days after harvest, which dampens the farmer’s spirit to farming as he is forced to sell off produce at a loss to avert imminent total wastage.

Canning of tomato paste has helped to curb this huge wastage, but the capital

Intensive nature of the industry has resulted into only a small percentage of the produce being absorbed by this industry. Dried tomatoes by direct drying in the sun are more durable but the end product is infested with dirt.

 

Powder Tomato

Canning of tomato paste have helped in curbing wastage in tomato farming especially during the season, but the capital intensive nature of the industry, the alteration in the taste of the product canned (as additives are added to aid in preservation) and the bulky nature of the paste product as well as poor durability, have all contributed to limiting the establishment of canning industries in Nigeria. As a result, only a small percentage of the produce is absorbed by this industry.

Dried tomatoes though more durable and without any need for additives, are currently produced by direct drying in the sun and in the open. The end product is infested with dirt and sand making it unhygienic to consume.

However, with the introduction of electrical solar driven drying system such as cabinet dryer, flash dryer, spray dryer, which can dry a tone of tomato in an hour, powder tomato has become an Agribusiness to venture with good return on investment and the season is now.

 

Machineries For Powder Tomato Production

 

Washing Machine for washing the tomatoes clean.

Cutting Machine used in cutting tomatoes into cube, dice or small pieces. The dicing size can be 3mm/5mm/7mm/10mm/15mm adjustable.

Dehydration Table: After cutting tomatoes into small pieces, you spread it on the dehydrating table so that about 40 to 60 per cent of the water content will be drained before drying.

Drying Machine :most preferable is cabinet dryer, which will be used to dry slice tomatoes to a zero moisture content level before grinding to powdered form.

Grinding crushing dried tomatoes into powdered form before packaging it.

Packaging can be done with either into a plastic container or sachet but you have to verify the cost of the packaging material to know which is relatively cheaper.

All the mentioned machines can be fabricated in Nigeria.

 

Requirements

Raw Material {Tomatoes}which is seasonal

 

Machineries

Factory location must be close to raw material

 

Company registration

NAFDAC and other agencies’ registration, etc.

The return on investment is high because raw materials are seasonal and when in season, you will have more than enough to process and during  out of season, you will be smiling to bank.

For instance a basket of tomatoes in the northern part of Nigeria Giwa, Mekarafi, all in Kaduna is going for #1,700 and in the south  it is going for #4,500,  even in Kaduna town, it is going for #3,200. The supply is higher than the demand and a good number of the tomatoes don’t get to the market before getting spoilt. Having your processing plant close to farms is key to availability and cheapness of raw materials for optimal profits.

Note: These machinery can be powered with solar and has the capacity to dry a tone of tomatoes or other Agric produce in an hour.





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