Snail farming is a lucrative venture that is yet to be appreciated in the Agro industry. Only a very smart few in the business discovered this, and are making a fortune from it.
Many people see snails here and there. Some people take it as meat. But quite a number don’t know how to go about rearing them. This is made worse because snails, which belong to the family of animals called MOLLUSCA, is a hermaphrodite- it has both the female and male sexual organs; so one cannot really distinguish between the male and female species of it. Snail, also is high in protein (12-16%) and irons (45-50 mg/kg), low in fat, and contains almost all the amino acids needed by humans.
However, the smart few in the snail farming business over time keep the farming methodology very private to themselves. But the plain truth is that snail farming is as easy as ABC. The only thing the snails may constantly demand from you is your attention and care. They hardly fall sick. You don’t have to buy their food and you may not have to spend much to build a Pen (House) for them. The beauty of it all is that the snails reproduce rapidly; they are capable of producing hundreds of eggs, which hatch into snails. It is now possible to produce 1,000,000 snails worth more than N5 million twice a year. This is made possible because of the availability of very highly prolific ACHATINA ACHATINA species of snails, which lay 200-400 in one batch 2-3 times a year.
Income Earning Opportunities
The demand for snail is higher than the supplies and as such, the market potential of snail is inexhaustible, locally and internationally.
This technology has been approved to be most lucrative farming venture presently, as it requires far less capital investment, while much profit is being generated in a considerable short period. It has lower risk compared to other livestock farming.
Snail is an export commodity, which has value next to gold in overseas countries. It is a foreign exchange income earner of our days. Our climate is one of the best in snail breeding.
Snail farming in Nigeria requires small capital and the running cost is very low, hence their feeds are very local.
No stress, no time consumption, no odour, no noise and no irritation.
The Snail Market
If you rear snail in commercial quantity, hotels, fast food restaurants such as Genesis Fast Food, The Promise, Mr. Biggs, Tantalizers, etc and super stores will be your regular customers. They will only need your assurance of regular supply per week. There is also good market for snail meat in the international market if only you can do a good packaging. You can make millions of naira from this vast and inexhaustible market. Snail farmers are making huge profit as the global demand for the delicacy increases.
In Nigeria, the prices of raw, matured snails go for N250 to N600 depending on the size. However, the annual demand for snail in Nigeria is about 7.5million kg annually. The international trade in snails is flourishing in Europe and North America. The United State America imports more than $4million worth of snails annually from all over the world, including Nigeria. France also requires about 15000 metric tons of the delicacy annually. The snails reproduce rapidly. They are capable of producing more than 300 eggs, which hatch into snails.
Snail meat has been consumed by humans worldwide since prehistoric times. Snails can also be helpful to Asthmatic patients.
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