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Common Cold In Children

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The rainy season also known as the wet season, usually brings about improved air quality, fresh water quality, and vegetation grows substantially, but with all the wetness also comes cold. Low temperatures, precipitation, and changes in temperature are known to affect children’s health.

Their immune systems are not yet developed and, therefore, don’t have the same defenses as adults or even older children. With the arrival of the cold weather and the impending rain, its also another task for parents to prevent their children from suffering the typical seasonal illnesses. To prevent  babies from catching a cold, its important to take care of their diet, monitor their health and keep them bundled up, especially when changing environments with different temperatures. Viruses can spread through the air or contact with contaminated objects.

Therefore, it’s essential to sanitize your child’s toys, as well as wash their hands frequently. Better yet, if the adults in charge also do. Now, if cold symptoms are already present, pediatricians recommend providing them plenty of fluids to cool their throat as a first step. Regarding nasal congestion, apply saline or warm water with salt on the baby’s nose for a quick and effective remedy. Conversely, you should avoid giving antibiotic cough syrups to cure the flu.

In an interview with Dr. Samuel Anya in Abuja, he noted that common cold also know as flu is  usually caused by over 200 viruses but the rhinovirus is the most common virus causing common cold in children and because it airborne, it is prevalent when the weather is wet, windy and cold as the wind blow around a lot in the air.

“Just like the weather is now it is rainy season, this period is when children contact a lot of cold because their immunity is not mature, they pick it up when they inhale something in the air, and once picked they can transfer it to other kids and even their parents,It is said that a child has Rhinoria when the child has nasal discharge” “Extra care is required for children with allergics tendencies like itchy eyes,itchy skin,asma and Ezema especially when is hereditary(when a father or mother shows same symptoms) because their respiratory system is modified” “Antibiotics, which fight bacteria, won’t treat common cold in a child because a cold is a viral illness. Viral illness cannot be treated with antibiotic and as a matter of fact there is no definite treatment only supportive treatment,it a  self limiting infection that goes on it’s own”, he said.

Symptoms The first symptoms of a cold are often a tickle in the throat, a runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing. Kids with colds also might feel very tired and have a sore throat, cough, headache, mild fever, muscle aches, and loss of appetite. Mucus from the nose may become thick yellow or green. Except in newborns or in immuno-compromised children, colds in healthy children aren’t dangerous. They usually go away in 4 to 10 days without treatment.

At the beginning, the sore throat is due to a buildup of mucus. Later, a child may get a postnasal drip — when the mucus runs down the back of his nose to the throat. Prevention Avoid exposing children to cold or dusty places. Since viruses thrive in cold weather it good to wear children protective clothes. Avoid children sleeping opposite a window or in an air-conditioning when the weather is cold. Washing hands with warm, soapy water to get rid of germs. Using hand sanitizer is also a good option to prevent the spread of germs. Common treatment for cold is to administer puritin or vitamins Puritin helps to mop up the mucus While vitamins helps regeneration of germ fighting cells Also steaming with hot water and menthilator can help.

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