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2019: Presidential Candidates And Their Manifestoes

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President Muhammadu Buhari, who is the candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC), in the 2019 presidential election was born to a Fulani family on 17 December 1942, in Daura, Katsina State, to his father Hardo Adamu, a Fulani chief, and mother Zulaihat.

He is the twenty-third child of his father. Buhari was raised by his mother after his father died when he was about four years old and was raised by his mother.

He got to grow in a very large family considering the fact that he was the twenty-third child to his father.

Buhari attended the Katsina Model School and later the Government College Katsina (then known as the Katsina Provincial Secondary School).

He later began his military journey at the age of 19 when he joined the Nigerian Military Training College (NMTC). The institution was later renamed the Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA). He went further to acquire more education from other institutions including the Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot in England.

He unsuccessfully ran for the office of president of Nigeria in 2003, 2007, and 2011 general elections. But in December 2014, he emerged as the presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress for the March 2015 general elections.

Buhari won the election, defeating the then President Goodluck Jonathan. This marked the first time in the history of Nigeria that an incumbent president lost to an opposition candidate in a general election. He was sworn in on 29 May 2015 till date.

Manifesto

President Buhari’s new five major thrusts are job creation, provision of infrastructure, business and entrepreneurial development, human capital enhancement services and political inclusion of those considered vulnerable by the system.

The plank of the president’s new policy document is hinged on his belief that he has completed Nigeria’s ‘foundational work’ upon which to build the stairs that would take Nigeria to the ‘Next Level’.

To the president, he has been able to fulfill his promises in the three focal areas of security, economy and anti-corruption and consequently lifted Nigeria from a depth of decay.

“We have worked hard to fulfill our promises, and while the road may have been difficult, over the last three and a half years, we have laid the foundations for a strong, stable and prosperous country for the majority of our people.

“Foundational work is not often visible, neither is it glamorous but it is vital to achieving the kind of country we desire. Judging by the prior depth of decay, deterioration and disrepair that Nigeria had sunk into, we are certain that these past few years have put us in good stead to trudge on the Next Level of building an even stronger nation for our people.

“We were a nation at war but we delivered on our commitment to secure the territorial integrity of our nation in the face of a raging insurgency that devastated many parts of the North East.

“We have liberated 17 Local Government Areas from the grip of the insurgency. Brokering and sustaining peace in the Niger Delta has also been crucial to stabilizing the polity.”

Obiageli Ezekwesili   

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biageli Ezekwesili, popularly known as Oby Ezekwesili, hails from Anambra State of Nigeria on 28th April 1963.

The presidential candidate of the Allied Congress Party of Nigeria(ACPN) obtained her Master’s degree in International Law and Diplomacy from the University of Lagos.

She later traveled to the United States where she enrolled in the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and obtained her Masters Degree in Public administration. She also trained in the Accountancy firm of Deloitte and Touche and became a chartered accountant.

Ezekwesili worked with Professor Jeffrey Sachs at the Center for International Development at Harvard. Obiageli Ezekwesili co-founded Transparency International, an anti-corruption body based in Berlin, Germany.

There, she was one of the pioneer directors. She later came back to Nigeria and served as the Federal Minister of Solid Minerals and later as Federal Minister of Education during the second-term of president Olusegun Obasanjo.

Oby Ezekwesili was once the Vice-President of the World Bank’s Africa division, a position she held from May 2007 to May 2012. During the regime of president Olusegun Obasanjo Obiageli Ezekwesili held the position of the Pioneer head of the Budget Monitoring and Price Intelligence Unit (nick-named Due Process Unit).

Manifesto

In her manifesto tagged: Moving Nigeria from Poverty Central to Prosperity Central”, she said, “I will be telling you how we intend to lift 80 million Nigerians out of poverty.”

A strong belief in the dominant economic role of the private sector and a commitment of our government to launch vigorous market economy reforms. Through policy, effective regulation and catalytic public investment in the provision of basic services for people and businesses, we will accelerate and expand the sources of growth in the economy.

A massive programme of deregulation of the Nigerian economy to unleash the depth of competition and efficiencies necessary for higher and deeper economic growth and expansion of the economy.

A commitment to pursuing growth that is inclusive which is a necessity for lifting the poor to an improved state of well-being.

A dedication to improving the Productivity and Competitiveness of Nigeria and Nigerians in every sector of economic activity by removing barriers and providing a menu of sound policy measures.

Human Development shall be our New Economy.

Education and skills development of healthy Nigerian people shall be our Number One priority. No matter what we do, we would never win the war on poverty without investing massively in human capital development.

Atiku Abubakar

The Presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), and former Vice President was born on November 25, 1946 in Jada, Adamawa State, Nigeria. 

At the age of eight,  he enrolled in the Jada Primary School. In 1960, he was admitted to Adamawa Provincial Secondary School in Yola where he did well in English Language and Literature, struggled with Physics and Chemistry and Mathematics. He graduated with a Grade Three WASSCE/GCE Certificate in 1965.

Following secondary school, Abubakar studied a short while at the Nigeria Police College in Kaduna . He left the College when he was unable to present an O-Level Mathematics result. He worked briefly as a Tax Officer in the regional Ministry of Finance, from where he gained admission to the school of Hygiene in Kano in 1966. He graduated with a Diploma in 1967, having served as Interim Student Union President at the school. In 1967 he enrolled for a Law Diploma at the Ahmadu Bello University Institute of Administration, on a scholarship from regional government. After graduation in 1969, during the Nigerian Civil War, he was employed by the Nigeria Customs Service.

Abubakar worked in the Nigeria Customs Service for twenty years, rising to become the Deputy Director, as the second highest position in the Service was then known.

He retired in April 1989 and took up full-time business and politics.  He ran for the office of governor in the Gongola State (now Adamawa and Taraba States) in 1991, and for the Presidency in 1993, placing third after MKO Abiola and Babagana Kingibe in the Social Democratic Party (SDP) primaries.

In 1998 he was elected Governor of Adamawa State. While still Governor-Elect he was selected by the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) Presidential candidate Olusegun Obasanjo as his running mate. The duo went on to win elections in February 1999, and Abubakar was sworn-in as Nigeria’s second democratically elected vice president on 29 May 1999. [2]

Abubakar ran for presidency on the platform of the Action Congress, having quit the PDP on account of his issues with the then President Obasanjo. Abubakar lost the election, placing third after Umaru Yar’Adua and Muhammadu Buhari of the then All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP).

Manifesto

Key points of his policy document titled Let’s Get Nigeria Working Again include  provision of a Competitive and open economic system, human capital development, reformation of public institutions to make them stronger and more supportive and facilitating and enhancement of private sector access to credit which will be prioritised.

Donald Duke

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onald Duke, the presidential candidate of the Social Democratic Party (SDP), was born on September 30, 1961 at 16 Annesley Street, Calabar, Cross River State of Nigeria, to the family of Mr. Henry Etim Duke and Mrs. Genevieve Etim Duke.

He had his early education (Corona and Saint Mary’s School in Lagos), he attended Secondary School (Federal Government Colleges (both Unity Schools) at Sokoto and Ilorin and thereafter returned to the Federal School of Arts and Science, Lagos for his ‘A’ Levels.

He received his LLB degree in 1982 at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, and a BL in 1983 from the Nigerian Law School, Lagos. He went further for his LLM in Business Law and Admiralty in 1984 from the University of Pennsylvania.

Donald Duke entered into public Governance for the first time In 1991 when he was appointed as a member of the Board of Directors of Voice of Nigeria. This was quickly followed by another appointment in 1992 when Governor Clement D. Ebri appointed him a member of the Cross River State Executive Council and Commissioner for Finance, Budget and planning.

The appointment as Commissioner was unfortunately short lived due to the abrupt change in Government in November 1993. He returned to private life in the course of which he became the chairman of Allied Merchants & Brokers Limited, a sole Africa Franchisee for US-based Uncle Ben’s Rice.

Duke later became the governor of Cross-River State from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007.

Manifesto

While making on his electoral promises, Duke said: We need to expand the economy. You have an army of people, and our Bureau of Statistics says that 15 per cent of Nigerians is unemployed.  I can reverse this in a short time by two-ticket item. Find a way to put money into people’s hands. Clean up the 2.5 billion cubic feet of gas equivalent of 25million litres of diesel that is flared every day”.

He also stated that if elected, his government would address infrastructural challenges facing the nation.

“We can build rail lines. Rail lines technology is so basic. We can do them. We have to go beyond seeking and borrowing and depending on foreign aid for our development. Our development needs to come from within ourselves. We need to wake up”.

He also spoke of his stand on restructuring, stressing that

“In restructuring this country, let no part be left behind because you are as strong as your weakest link. I support the clamour for restructuring. As individuals and people, we have our own differences”.

Tope Fasua

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ope Kolade Fasua is the presidential candidate of Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party (ANRP). He was born September 11, 1971.

Fasua, who was born and raised in Lagos, attended Army Comprehensive High School in his hometown Akure, the Ondo state capital in 1985 for his secondary school education, before he went further to study economics in Ondo State University, where he successfully graduated and received award for the best overall result in the department, faculty and entire school in 1991.

He founded ANRP and got elected since February 2018, to serve as the National Chairman of the Party.

Manifesto

Fasua is unequivocal about his agenda to fix the economy, saying “it is the one thing we are targeting to fix.

“I am promising 15 – 20 per cent growth, 50 -70 million people out of poverty within 2-3 year of my governance.

“If we start this economy on a positive growth we should be growing this economy by 15- 20%. Taking people out of poverty bringing much more business opportunity in the environment, bringing in tourism and new ideas.”

“We are going to be turning things around, re-energising the educational sectors to be solution providers, even all of this electricity stuff is going to be fixed by our students and lecturers in the Universities and Polytechnics in Nigeria, bringing in positive future for this country.

“What am bringing to the table is a fact and figures-based kind of leadership. A sense of urgency. A lot of myth-busting “thinking about what doesn’t exist and asking why”. A system kind of thinking, as well as attention to details which we haven’t seen. Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu

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ingsley Chiedu Moghalu,  the presidential candidate of Young Progressive Party (YPP), was born in Lagos in 1963 to Isaac Moghalu, a Nigerian Foreign Service Officer in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Mrs. Vidah Moghalu. His father, Isaac Moghalu was posted abroad as a Nigerian diplomat in Geneva, Switzerland very shortly after his birth, and subsequently served in Washington D.C. as well.

Moghalu spent his early childhood in Geneva and Washington where his family lived in the 1960s. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Kingsley was enrolled in the prestigious and renown Federal Government College Enugu, popularly known as Fedi.

Prof. Kingsley Moghalu, former Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, obtained the LL.B. (Honours) degree in law at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka in 1986, and the B.L. (Barrister at Law) from the Nigerian Law School, Lagos. After working as a corporate and media attorney in Lagos, and as a Special Correspondent for several international newspapers and magazines including The Christian Science Monitor, South, and Africa News Service, he left Nigeria in 1991 for graduate studies in the United States.

Moghalu obtained an M.A. degree at The Fletcher School of Law of Diplomacy at Tufts University, where he was the Joan Gillespie Fellow and Research Assistant in the International Political Economy (IPE) Programme, in 1992. Moghalu later obtained a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) at the University of London, UK, and the International Certificate in Risk Management from the Institute of Risk Management (IRM) in London. He is also an alumnus of advanced executive education programs in macroeconomics and financial sector management, corporate governance, and global strategic leadership at the International Monetary Fund Institute, Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, Harvard Business School, and the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.

Manifesto

If elected president, Moghalu promises to compose a world-class, “first eleven” team based on merit and inclusive governance to drive government policy.

According to him, “The appointment of all senior officials of the Presidency will be announced within 48 hours. My government will enthrone evidence-based public policy, strategy and risk management as tools of effective and modern governance”.

He also promises lead a consultative political process, in cooperation with the National Assembly, to achieve a constitutional restructuring of Nigeria and return our country to true federalism for stability and prosperity by 2021.

Furthermore, he assures of  implementing a 50/50 gender parity policy in all political appointments, nearly double the ratio recommended by the National Gender Policy of 2008.

Another promise by the presidential candidate is the  establishment and implementation a Diaspora engagement and return policy and strategy as a new, fundamental component of our national quest for development as has been the case in China, India and Israel.

“My government will build the Diaspora Commission approved by the National Assembly into an effective, world-class institution to accomplish this important agenda”, he said.

Engr. Yabagi Yusuf Sani

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ngr. Yabagi Yusuf Sani was born on 1st July 1954 in Bida Local Government of Niger State. He is the first son of Alhaji Yusuf Sani, Ciroman Samarin Nupe.

The presidential candidate of Action Democratic Party (ADP), started his early education in 1961 at East Primary School Bida in Niger State. After his Primary Education, he attended Secondary Technical School, Kontagora from 1970-1974.

Sani went on to attend the Institute of Technology , New York in the united States of America from 1975-1976 , and later transferred to School of Engineering Colombia University also in New York from 1976-1978 where he was awarded Bachelor of Science Degree in Industrial Management Engineering in 1978 , by the Colombia University , New York.

On his return to Nigeria in 1979, he did his National Youth Service at Universal Textiles Kano in 1980.

Sani, was a founding member and former member of the Board of Trustees of All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP.)

He was the 1999 Gubernatorial Candidate of All Peoples Party (APP) in Niger State. He was the former National financial Secretary of the Liberal Convention, which later merged with other associations to become the now defunct National Republican  Convention (NRC) party in 1991.

Manifesto

Sani believes that Nigeria needs a new dimension of leadership that would be focused, proactive and determined in improving the nation’s security through effectiveness.

He stated that: “We will create a new direction toward positive change in the economic, infrastructural development, health and education.

“We believe that our country can become great as we have no business with killings and with good leadership, we can bring all these to work.”

He promised to pay N100,000 as minimum wage to civil servants, stating, he will work hard to plug the loopholes and other conduit pipes of corruption in order for the government to have more money to spend.

He also muted the idea of commercializing NNPC where proceeds from the venture will be reinvested to make the economy boom, he is projecting $1 trillion GDP based economy.

Yabagi has also identified joblessness and poverty as two main factors affecting the growth of the country, stating that over 70 million Nigerians will be lifted from poverty with the creation of 5 million jobs through the government and private sectors yearly.

Fela Durotoye

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detokunbo Olufela Durotoye, the presidential candidate of the Alliance for New Nigeria (ANN), was born in Ibadan, Oyo State on 12 May 1971.

He is an alumnus of John F. Kennedy School of Government Executive Education program of Harvard University.

Manifesto

Durotoye noted that will focus on power, security, education, healthcare, infrastructure, business and industries and the economy.

Others are enforcing the rule of law, creating jobs and reducing the cost of living in the areas of food, transport, housing, fuel and so on.

Durotoye promised to diversify the economy by promoting non-oil sector growth through agriculture, mines and steel, manufacturing and the services industry by providing legal and fiscal incentives in these industries and sectors.

Omoyele Sowore

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moyele Sowore is the presidential candidate for African Action Congress (AAC). Sowore, an indigene of Ilaje, Ondo State was born in the Niger Delta region of the country where he was also raised in a polygamous home with 16 children.

Sowore’s passion and desire in media was propelled during the military rule. He studied Geography and Regional Planning at the University of Lagos from 1989 to 1995 with his academic programme extended by two extra years after being expelled twice for political reasons and student activism.

He was the President of the University of Lagos Students Union Government between 1992 and 1994 where he was keenly involved in anti-cultism and anti-corruption advocacy. Sowore holds a Master degree in Public Administration from Columbia University.

Manifesto

Sowore’s 8-point plan for Nigeria include security, power, decentralize power, infrastructural development, war against corruption, rebuilding the economy and job creation.





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