Diabetes is a serious sickness in which the body’s entire system is affected if not properly managed. It is a pancreatic problem causing poor carbohydrate chemical processes (metabolism). This is a problem where the body cannot make proper use of the sugar derived from the food we eat.
Sugar (glucose) is the food that energizes the body cells and tissues. The failure to supply the tissues and cells with it means that they will be starved, become weak and their functioning impaired whereas the unused sugar will build up dangerously in the blood stream sometimes to as high as 400 or 600 mg of sugar per 100cc of blood, instead of the normal 60 to 120 mg of sugar per 100 cc of blood.
According to medical experts, the normal blood sugar level of a healthy person should be at the range of 60 and 120 mg of sugar for a 100cc of blood.
It is good to note also that the blood sugar level rises after each meal especially a starchy food, the food will be digested and our body will absorb sugar from it into the blood stream. As the sugar content of the carbohydrate food we eat is absorbed into the blood stream. It increases the amount of sugar contained in the blood at the material time. When this increased sugar in the blood occurs, it is the duty of the pancreas to release the normal amount of insulin that will serve this extra sugar to the blood cells for energy. Whereas the pancreas is healthy enough, the insulin released will be just enough and effective to do the expected work of opening the cells for the sugar to enter. In this way as the sugar is used up by the cells for energy and upkeep, the blood sugar levels remain healthily constant whereas the tissues and other organs will continue to function properly.
There are mainly two types of diabetes namely: Insulin Dependent type one (IDDM) and Non Insulin Dependent type two (NIDDM)
But a further research provides more three types namely:
The Malnutrition related diabetes mellitus (MRDM) which is of two kinds
Fibrocaculous pancreatic diabetes mellitus, protein deficient pancreatic diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes and secondary diabetes
The three main cause of diabetes are: Obesity, hypertension and excess of sugar. However, there are other minor causes of diabetes such as: lack of exercise, harsh drugs, alcohol, junk foods, radiation, viruses and chronic liver diseases, stress, malnutrition, overfeeding, old age and overindulgence in sweetened beverages and soft drinks, prolong bacterial infection.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, dryness of the mouth, shortness of breath, blurred vision, frequent defecation, weakness, sweating, paleness of the skin, sudden emotional changes hallucination, just to mention but a few.
Diabetes can be managed through the use of insulin and absentee from sugar.
Talking on insulin as a means of managing diabetes, it is well known according to medical expert that over use of insulin causes a reaction called hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia is a situation where the body sugar level is dangerously low, it develops gradually if the high blood sugar level is not properly managed or offset by an adequate amount of insulin. It occurs as a result of the complete absence of insulin in the blood or where there is too little insulin.
As diabetes for now have no cure drug, we must avoid hyperglycemia (which is the situation where the blood sugar level is dangerously high) by absentee from sugar and overindulgence in sweetened beverages and soft drinks.