The G-20 countries have been urged to take action to improve the health of women, children, and adolescents and tackle preventable loss of life around the world.
This was contained in a message jointly signed by India’s G20 Sherpa, Amitabh Kant and Helen Clark, Board Chairman of Partnership for Maternal Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) and former Prime Minister of New Zealand, a copy of which was made available to LEADERSHIP.
According to the duo, the G20 countries are home to two thirds of the global population and the actions they take collectively have global scale, noting that investing in women, children, and adolescents’ health was critical to sustainable economic growth globally.
“Every year, across all G20 countries, nearly two million preventable deaths occur among mothers, newborns, children, and adolescents—including stillbirths.
“In recent years, the key drivers of these negative outcomes have included the “four Cs”: Covid-19, conflict, climate change, and the cost of living crisis.
“These factors have combined to inflict immense damage on the health and wellbeing of women, children, and adolescents,” they stated.
They revealed that systemic discrimination and an increase in extreme weather events, food insecurity, and poverty were major causes of the lack of progress in women, children, and adolescents’ health.
“In 2000, the climate emergency was already responsible for more than 150 000 deaths worldwide and an increasing global burden of disease, 88% of which fell on children.34 It is estimated that 80% of people displaced by the climate emergency are women, largely due to economic and social disparities between genders,” they added.
According to them, India currently holds the G20 presidency and was committed to achieving universal health coverage and improving healthcare service delivery globally.
“For example, India has proposed several initiatives for digital health solutions as part of a digital strategy launched in 2021. These digital tools enabled the registration of a billion people in order to monitor immunisation coverage, and the administration of more than 1.78 billion doses of the covid-19 vaccine,” they stated.
They urged G20 countries to prioritise increased cross-cutting financing to strengthen health systems, enhance access to essential health services, and address the social determinants of health, such as poverty and gender inequality.
In their opinion, investments in physical and digital infrastructure through a gender lens could reduce the burden of unpaid work, improve wellbeing, create jobs, increase labour force participation, reduce the digital gender gap, bolster productivity, and foster economic growth.
They further said numerous countries are struggling to maintain pre-pandemic levels of health spending and that is affecting women’s, children’s, and adolescents’ health worldwide. They called for Global efforts to help countries strengthen their health systems by attracting more development assistance for health, and finding sustainable solutions to alleviate debt burdens.
“We need robust data systems to monitor and implement policies and programmes effectively. Given that G20 countries account for approximately 85% of global GDP, two-thirds of the global population and carry significant political influence, they are well positioned to advance research and the development of new and improved health technologies and vaccines. When investing in these areas and making decisions, it is essential to meaningfully engage women, children, and adolescents.
“Investing in the early years of childhood is vitally important, including in family-friendly policies and universal social protection. Such investments can boost cognitive capital—the complete set of intellectual skills, primarily nurtured prenatally and in early childhood, that determines human capabilities—leading to inclusive economic growth.10 Tackling youth unemployment across the G20 requires developing adolescents’ skills, such as digital literacy, and building technology-driven and environmentally conscious growth,” they said.
They stressed that the G20 must prioritise the health and wellbeing of women, children, and adolescents by making it a permanent fixture on its agenda for action.